UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)
 
[√]
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013
or
 
[  ]
TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from  ________________ to__________________
Commission file number: 000-53741
 
DIRECTVIEW HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
04-3053538
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
21218 Saint Andrews Blvd., suite 323, Boca Raton, FL
 
33433
 
 
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  
(561) 750-9777

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class
Name of each exchange on which registered
None
Not applicable

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Act:

Common stock
(Title of class)
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.     o Yes   þ No
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.        o Yes   þ No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   
Yes þ   No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes o No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o

 
 

 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company:
 
Large accelerated filer
o
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
(Do not check if smaller reporting company)
o
Smaller reporting company
þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)   Yes [  ]   No [√]
 
State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was sold, or the average bid and asked prices of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter $731,277 on June 30, 2013.
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. 307,919,134 shares of common stock are issued and outstanding as of April 14, 2014.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
List hereunder the following documents if incorporated by reference and the Part of the Form 10-K (e.g., Part I, Part II, etc.) into which the document is incorporated: (1) Any annual report to security holders; (2) Any proxy or information statement; and (3) Any prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) or (c) under the Securities Act of 1933. The listed documents should be clearly described for identification purposes (e.g., annual report to security holders for fiscal year ended December 24, 1980). None.
 
 
 

 
 
DIRECTVIEW HOLDINGS, INC.
FORM 10-K
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
   
Page No.
Part I
Item 1.
Business.
1
Item 1A.
Risk Factors.
6
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments.
9
Item 2.
Properties.
9
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings.
9
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures.
9
Part II
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
9
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data.
9
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
10
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
18
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
18
Item 9.
Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
18
Item 9A.(T)
Controls and Procedures.
18
Item 9B.
Other Information.
20
Part III
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
20
Item 11.
Executive Compensation.
22
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.
23
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.
24
Item 14.
Principal Accountant Fees and Services.
25
Part IV
Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.
26
 
 
 

 
 
CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Various statements in this registration statement contain or may contain forward-looking statements that are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements were based on various factors and were derived utilizing numerous assumptions and other factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. These factors include, but are not limited to, our history of losses and declining sales, our ability to raise sufficient capital to fund our operating losses, increase our net sales to a level which funds our operating expenses, economic, political and market conditions and fluctuations, competition, and other factors.  Most of these factors are difficult to predict accurately and are generally beyond our control. You should consider the areas of risk described in connection with any forward-looking statements that may be made herein. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements and readers should carefully review this registration statement in its entirety, including the risks described in Item 1A. Risk Factors.  Except for our ongoing obligations to disclose material information under the Federal securities laws, we undertake no obligation to release publicly any revisions to any forward-looking statements, to report events or to report the occurrence of unanticipated events. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this registration statement, and you should not rely on these statements without also considering the risks and uncertainties associated with these statements and our business.

OTHER PERTINENT INFORMATION

Unless specifically set forth to the contrary, "DirectView," "we," "us," "our" and similar terms refer to DirectView Holdings, Inc., a Nevada corporation, and each of our subsidiaries.

When used in this report the following terms have the following meanings related to our subsidiaries.

  
“DirectView Video” refers to DirectView Video Technologies, Inc. a company organized under the laws of the state of Florida.

  
“DirectView Security” refers to DirectView Security Systems, Inc. a company organized under the laws of the state of Florida.

  
“Ralston” refers to Ralston Communication Services, Inc. a company organized under the laws of the state of Florida.

  
“Meeting Technologies” refers to Meeting Technologies Inc., a company organized under the laws of the state of Delaware.
 
 
 

 
 
PART I

Item 1.               Business.

Corporate History

We were incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware on October 6, 2006. In October 2006 we also acquired Ralston Communications and Meeting Technologies from DirectView, Inc., a Nevada corporation of which our executive officers and directors were officers and directors immediately prior to such acquisition, in exchange for the assumption by us of these subsidiaries working capital deficiencies and any and all trade credit and other liabilities. Immediately prior to this transaction, in conjunction with the acquisition by DirectView, Inc. of all of the stock of another entity which resulted in a change of control of DirectView, Inc., our executive officers and directors resigned their positions with DirectView, Inc.  Both Ralston Communications and Meeting Technologies had historically provided the video conferencing services we continue to provide.  Thereafter, in February 2007 we formed DirectView Security and in July 2007 we formed DirectView Video. On March 14, 2014, the Board of Directors and majority of the shareholders approved and ratified the Company’s reincorporation merger from Delaware to Nevada, amongst other corporate actions disclosed in the Company’s Information Statement on Schedule 14C filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 8, 2014.

ORGANIZATION

Directview Holdings, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“Directview Holdings”) was formed in October 2006. At that time DirectView Holdings acquired Ralston Communications Services, Inc., a Florida Corporation, (“Ralston Communications”) and Meeting Technologies, Inc. a Delaware corporation (“Meeting Tech”).

Thereafter Directview Holdings formed Directview Security Systems, Inc., a Florida corporation (“Directview Security”) as a wholly owned subsidiary in February 2007 and Directview Video Technologies, Inc., a Florida corporation, (“Directview Video”) as a wholly owned subsidiary in July 2007.

In November 2008, Homeland Integrated Security Systems, Inc., a Florida corporation (name changed to DirectView Technology Group, Inc. and referred to hereafter as “Technology Group) entered into an acquisition agreement with Directview Video Technology, Inc. a Florida corporation (“Directview Video”). The agreement includes a condition to ultimate consummation of the transaction, a 30-day clause which provided for termination of the agreement in the event any of the payment or exchanges were not finalized. Technology Group failed to pay the consideration within 30 days of acquisition which resulted in a termination of such agreement. Thus the closing of this transaction did not occur or consummate. As a result of these transactions and events, Technology Group, Roger Ralston and the DirectView companies did not complete the acquisition and integration of the DirectView companies with Technology Group, and there has been no relationship between the parties since that time. Mr. Ralston, our CEO, or any of the employees of Directview Holdings do not presently hold any position or ownership of Technology Group.
 
SUBSIDIARIES

DirectView Video Technologies, Inc. is a full-service provider of high-quality, cost efficient videoconferencing technologies and services.  DirectView provides multipoint videoconferencing, network integration services, custom room design, staffing, document conferencing and IP / webconferencing services to businesses and organizations in the United States and around the world.  DirectView conferencing services enable our clients to cost-effectively, instantaneously conduct remote meetings by linking participants in geographically dispersed locations.
 
DirectView Security Systems, Inc. - is a provider of the latest technologies in surveillance systems, digital video recording and services.  The systems provide the latest in onsite and remote video and audio surveillance.
 
Ralston Communications Services, Inc. – is a full service provider of network services who partners with Sprint and works with other carriers such as Verizon and AT&T.  The network allows many clients of other Directview Holdings companies to communicate whether they need it for DirectView videoconferencing connections or monitoring or DVRs.

Meeting Technologies Inc. – is a company that provides services similar to DirectView Video Technologies, Inc.

 
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CURRENT BUSINESS OPERATIONS
 
Through our subsidiaries, our business operates within two divisions (i) security and surveillance, and (ii) video conferencing services.  All of these entities combine to provide the services offered by Directview Holdings.  None of the employees or officers of Directview Holdings provide similar services for any other entity.

Security & Surveillance.  Designs and installs surveillance systems, digital video recording and services.

Video conferencing services:  Full-service provider of teleconferencing services.

Security and Surveillance

We provide our customers with a range of technologies in surveillance systems, digital video recording and services.  The systems provide onsite and remote video and audio surveillance. We offer several service options to protect and maintain each company's security investment which includes a customized security system. We assess each client’s security needs and challenges through an on-site survey, which is performed by specially trained technicians, consists of a video-taped analysis and in-depth interviews to determine each client's security needs. We also make recommendations for initiating or improving each client’s systems as well as, providing a plan for growth.   ion of all of the foregoing.  We are able to provide a plan for a simple addition or a major migration to a new platform. We provide the highest quality installations, from mobilization to final testing, certification and training.  We offer a complete line of non-proprietary products including:
 
  DRV Recorders and Cameras   
Video Intercoms
 
         
  NVR Recorders and IP Cameras    Laser and Video Beam Perimeter Security  
         
  Motion Detection and Thermal Imagery    Security Design and Consulting  
         
  Remote Control Device Management   Equipment Maintenance Service Plans  
         
 
Access Control Solutions
     
 
We have also developed customized software programs and applications to work with the products we offer to customers to enhance their convenience and capability.   We have developed a mobile application which we call the “DirectView Security App” to enable full remote management of deployed surveillance devices including positioning cameras, setting recording parameters, and replay of selected video.

We target businesses of various sizes ranging from residential to large scale businesses.  Our main markets can be divided into five categories which include:

-Transportation (Airports, Heliports, and Bus Terminals)
-Hospitality (Hotels, Golf Courses, and Bar/Restaurant)
-Industrial (Warehouse, Storage, and Manufacturing)
-Educational (Daycare, Private Schools, Learning Centers/Religious Organizations
-Residential (Condos/Co-ops, Property Management Companies, and Private Homes)

Video conferencing services

We are a full-service provider of video conferencing technologies and services.  We provide multipoint video conferencing, network integration services, custom room design, staffing, document conferencing and IP/webconferencing services to businesses and organizations in the United States and we focus to provide this around the world.  We believe that our video conferencing services enable our clients to cost-effectively, instantaneously conduct remote meetings by linking participants in geographically dispersed locations.  Our mission is to provide customized video conferencing solutions and services to businesses and organizations.  From design to installation, we strive to deliver products and services that are simple to understand, easy to implement and even easier to use.
 
Our products and services include the:

           sale of conferencing services based upon usage,

           sale and installation of video equipment, and

           sale of maintenance agreements.

Video conferencing as a medium for business communications has provided opportunities to streamline complex business processes and to conduct transactions more efficiently. As a result, sophisticated audio or video-enabled interactive communications have become increasingly necessary as companies seek to become more efficient and effective. We seek to employ the technical knowledge of our management team to provide our clients with solutions for a wide range of applications suitable for a variety of industries. We have installation and integration experience with expertise in one-on-one or large, multi-sided group meetings, and we currently have installations ranging from very simple configurations to highly customized rooms with multiple cameras, document presentation stands, recording devices, scanners, and printers.

 
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Initially we provide consultation to address and evaluate the project requirements and to offer expert advice on technology solution for our customer’s specific application.  We assess the customer’s needs, desires and existing communications equipment, as well as cost-justification and return-on-investment analysis for system installations.  Our products and services include multipoint video conferencing, network integration services, custom room design, staffing, document conferencing and IP/web conferencing services.

A multipoint video conference is a video conference involving more than two sites.  As a participant speaks, video is switched at all sites to broadcast the person speaking by a device called a multi-control unit. This switching unit is sound activated and can distinguish between short ambient sounds and long sustained sounds.  It can also be set up in a “Hollywood Squares” type of look where all participants see each other.  The call can also be set in a “chairperson mode” in which all sites see only the person heading the call.  We offer multipoint bridge services to tie all of the locations, and we control this multipoint bridge.  We outsource the remote access services which are incorporated into these multipoint video conferences to a variety of third party providers. We have no fixed agreements with such third party providers. Our base standard price is from $125 to $150 per hour per location which includes all costs related to these services.  Where the client requests, we can staff a client assignment with one of our employees to manage all of the client’s video conferencing needs.  The cost of this technical support varies from assignment to assignment.

We offer a wide variety of network integration services to support our clients’ planning, design, and implementation efforts in deploying new network technologies such as Internet protocol (IP), integrated services digital network (ISDN), a T-1 data transfer system or working with their existing network infrastructure.  Our network integration services are designed to be comprehensive to ensure that all unique collaboration needs are met.  Our services can include a full menu of services from initial order coordination with outside contractors or providers to liaison with local phone companies, installation, training, or can be customized for a particular job. Whether starting from scratch or working with an existing environment we can also provide all aspects of design and installation for video conferencing rooms, including room layout, furniture, built in wall monitors, custom audio and video as well as document collaboration such as T120 data conferencing and document camera and presentation stands.  We will also design computer integration.  Costs for these custom installations may vary based upon the layout and complexity of the job.

We also offer our clients document conferencing and IP/Web conferencing services. Document conferencing affords the ability to bring people together to discuss, review and collaborate as a group, and to make on-line, real-time decisions regardless of the locations of the participants.  IP/web conferencing services provides the client with a reliable and affordable way to share software applications, PowerPoint presentations, or anything running on a personal computer with others in online meetings.  With these systems, meeting participants can view with clarity what is displayed on a desktop.  We utilize third party software and applications such as Polycom and Sony to provide these services to our clients.

When a video conferencing system is functional, we also provide training to all levels of the customer's organization, including executives, managers, management information systems and data processing administrators, technical staff and end users.  The training includes instruction in system operation, as well as the planning and administration of meetings.  The training can last anywhere from one hour to two days, depending upon the level of training that the client requests or requires.  All training costs are built into each sale where training is required.

We are also a reseller of video conferencing products, including integrated video conferencing systems, video presentation products, flat screen monitors, iPower collaboration tools, Polycom view stations.  We sell products from a variety of top manufacturers including Sony, Elggen, Fujitsu, Hitachi, JVC, NEC, Panasonic, Phillips, Pioneer, Samsung and ViewSonic.

Suppliers

We are dependent on third parties for the supply and manufacturing of our subassemblies, components and electronic parts, including standard and custom-designed components. We generally do not maintain supply agreements with such third parties but instead purchase components and electronic parts pursuant to purchase orders in the ordinary course of business. We are dependent on the ability of our third-party manufacturers and suppliers to meet our design, performance and quality specifications.

Marketing and Distribution

Our security systems division focuses a majority of its sales and marketing efforts in various industries to companies where there is space/room to be monitored by our surveillance camera systems. Our marketing efforts are done through direct sales force, referrals and our website.

 
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Our video conferencing products and services are marketed and sold to the commercial, government, medical and educational sectors through a direct sales force and through referrals. We currently have three sales agents in our direct sales force that works for commission.  A majority of our sales comes from word of mouth and referrals. Sales of video conferencing products to resellers are made on terms with respect to pricing, payment and returns that are consistent with those offered to end user customers. No price protection or similar arrangement is offered, nor are the obligations as to payment contingent on the resale of the equipment purchased by the reseller. There are no special rights to return equipment granted to resellers, nor are we obligated to repurchase reseller inventory.

We provide our security and surveillance and video conferencing sales force with ongoing training to ensure that it has the necessary expertise to effectively market and promote our business and solutions. In conjunction with manufacturer-sponsored programs, we provide existing and prospective customers with sales, advertising and promotional materials. Our technical and training personnel periodically attend installation and service training sessions offered by various manufacturers to enhance their knowledge and expertise in the installation and maintenance of the systems.

Competition

The security industry is highly competitive. We compete on a local and regional level with a small number of major firms and many smaller companies in the installed surveillance system space, and nationally in the direct to dealer space. We compete primarily on the quality of our service and the design and reliability of our products. Some of our competitors have greater name recognition and financial resources than us. We may also face competition from potential new entrants into the security industry or increased competition from existing competitors that may attempt to develop the ability to offer the full range of services that we offer. We believe that competition is based primarily on the ability to deliver solutions that meet a client’s requirements and, to a lesser extent, on price. Our competitors in the installed system space include Vector Security, American Sentry Guard, GVI Security Solutions, Inc., ADT Security Services, Ltd. (a division of Tyco International) and Sonitrol, Inc. There can be no assurance that we will be able to compete successfully in the future against existing or potential competitors who are larger or better capitalized.

The market for video conferencing products and services is extremely competitive. Competitive factors include pricing, our reputation and ease of use.  Our primary competitors include manufacturers and resellers of video communications equipment, some are larger, have longer operating histories and have greater financial resources and industry recognition than us. The competitors would include local Bell Companies, Polycom and Tandberg.

Since the barriers to entry in the market are relatively low and the potential market is large, we expect continued growth in existing competitors and the entrance of new competitors in the future.  Most of our current and potential competitors have significantly longer operating histories and significantly greater managerial, financial, marketing, technical and other competitive resources, as well as greater name recognition, than we do.  As a result, these companies may be able to adapt more quickly to new or emerging technologies and changes in customer requirements and may be able to devote greater resources to the promotion and sale of their competing products and services.  There are no assurances we will ever effectively compete in our target markets.

Our Customers

In 2013 three clients, Trump Organization, Trump Plaza New Rochelle, and Trump National Doral accounted for revenues of $101,368 which is approximately 40% of our total consolidated revenues in 2013.  In 2012 four clients, Trump Organization, Braver Stern Securities, LLC, European School of Economics, and Personalized Experts accounted for revenues of $101,474 which is approximately 83% of our total consolidated revenues in 2012.

Our video conferencing products and services are sold to commercial, government, medical and educational sectors that use technology to cost-effectively, instantaneously conduct remote meetings by linking participants in geographically dispersed locations. Our security system division provides the latest technologies in surveillance systems, digital video recording and services in any industry, organization and companies.

Website

We maintain a website at www.directviewinc.com and www.directviewsecurity.com. Recently, the Company purchased the domain name www.directview.com which we intend to make our main website. The company paid approximately $4,000 for to obtain this website.

Intellectual Property

We do not have any intellectual property at this time.
 
 
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Employees

We currently have seven employees which includes our 2 officers; Roger Ralston, CEO and Michele Ralston, CFO both of whom are full-time. None of our employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement, nor are they represented by a labor union. We have not experienced any work stoppages, and we consider relations with our employees to be good.

Item 1A.                 Risk Factors.

You should carefully consider the risks described below together with all of the other information included in this prospectus before making an investment decision with regard to our securities. The statements contained in or incorporated herein that are not historic facts are forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth in or implied by forward-looking statements. If any of the following risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be harmed. In that case, you may lose all or part of your investment.

Risks Related to Our Business

WE HAVE AN ACCUMULATED DEFICIT AND WE ANTICIPATE CONTINUING LOSSES THAT WILL RESULT IN SIGNIFICANT LIQUIDITY AND CASH FLOW PROBLEMS AND WE MAY BE FORCED TO CEASE OPERATIONS.

We have incurred losses since our inception, and have an accumulated deficit of approximately $17.4 million as of December 31, 2013.  Our operations have been financed primarily through the issuance of equity and debt.  For the year ended December 31, 2013, net loss and cash used in operations was $1,916,905 and $236,835, respectively.   We are constantly evaluating our cash needs and our burn rate, in order to make appropriate adjustments in operating expenses. We anticipate that our cash used in operations will continue to increase as a result of becoming a public company as a result of increased professional fees. Our continued existence is dependent upon, among other things, our ability to raise capital and to market and sell our products and services successfully. While we are attempting to increase sales, growth has not been significant enough to support daily operations, there is no assurance that we will continue as a going concern.  If we are unable to continue as a going concern and were forced to cease operations, it is likely that our stockholders would lose their entire investment in our company.
 
OUR AUDITORS HAVE EXPRESSED DOUBTS ABOUT OUR ABILITY TO CONTINUE AS A GOING CONCERN. IF WE WERE FORCED TO CEASE OUR BUSINESS AND OPERATIONS, YOU WOULD LOSE YOUR INVESTMENT IN OUR COMPANY.

Our revenues are not sufficient to enable us to meet our operating expenses and otherwise implement our business plan. At December 31, 2013, the report of our independent registered public accounting firm on our financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013 contains an explanatory paragraph raising doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern as a result of our losses from operations, stockholders’ deficit and negative working capital. Our consolidated financial statements, which appear elsewhere in this form 10-K, are prepared assuming we will continue as a going concern.  The financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect future adverse effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or amounts and classification of liabilities that may result if we are not successful.

WE ARE PAST DUE IN THE PAYMENT OF PAYROLL TAXES.

At December 31, 2013 we had approximately $215,000 of accrued but unpaid payroll taxes due the federal government which includes penalties and interest.  We do not have the funds necessary to satisfy this obligation.  If we are unable to raise the funds necessary, it is possible that we will be subject to significant additional fines and penalties, Mr. Ralston, our CEO, could be personally subject to a 100% penalty on the amount of unpaid taxes and the government could file liens against our company and our bank accounts until such time as the amounts have been paid.

WE WILL NEED ADDITIONAL FINANCING WHICH WE MAY NOT BE ABLE TO OBTAIN ON ACCEPTABLE TERMS IF AT ALL.  DUE TO THE SIZE OF OUR COMPANY AND THE LACK OF A PUBLIC MARKET FOR OUR COMMON STOCK IT IS LIKELY THAT THE TERMS OF ANY FINANCING WE MAY BE ABLE TO SECURE WILL BE DETRIMENTAL TO OUR CURRENT STOCKHOLDERS.

Our current operations are not sufficient to fund our operating expenses and we will need to raise additional working capital to continue our current business and to provide funds for marketing to support our efforts to increase our revenues.  Generally, small businesses such as ours which lack a public market for their securities, face significant difficulties in their efforts to raise equity capital.  While to date we have relied upon the relationships of our executive officers in our capital raising efforts, there are no assurances that we will be successful utilizing these existing sources.  In such an event, we could be required to engage a broker-dealer to assist us in our capital raising efforts.  Even if we are successful in finding a broker-dealer willing to assist us in raising capital, there are no assurances that the terms of financings offered by a broker-dealer will be as favorable as those we have offered our investors to date.  While we do not have any commitments to provide additional capital, if we are able to raise capital, the structure of that capital raise could impact our company and our stockholders in a variety of ways.  If we raise additional capital through the issuance of debt, this will result in interest expense.  If we raise additional funds through the issuance of equity or convertible debt securities, the percentage ownership of our company held by existing stockholders will be reduced and those stockholders may experience significant dilution.  In addition, new securities may contain certain rights, preferences or privileges that are senior to those of our common stock.  We cannot assure you that we will be able to raise the working capital as needed in the future on terms acceptable to us, if at all.  If we do not raise funds as needed, we may not be able to continue our operations and it is likely that you would lose your entire investment in our company.
 
 
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WE MAY NEED TO RAISE CAPITAL OVER THE NEXT TWELVE MONTHS TO FUND OUR OPERATIONS.

In April 2014 the Company executed a $362,319, 8% secured convertible promissory note due on April 15, 2015.  The Company received net proceeds from this note of $333,333.  This note is convertible at a contractual rate of $0.02 per share subject to adjustment.

We do not have any additional commitments to provide capital and we cannot assure you that funds are available to us upon terms acceptable to us, if at all.  If we do not raise funds as needed, our ability to provide for current working capital needs and satisfy our obligations is in jeopardy.  In this event, you could lose all of your investment in our company.


BECAUSE WE SELL CAPITAL EQUIPMENT, OUR BUSINESS IS SUBJECT TO OUR CUSTOMERS’ CAPITAL BUDGET AND WE MAY SUFFER DELAYS OR CANCELLATIONS OF ORDERS.  ANY DOWNTURN IN THE U.S. ECONOMY MAY ADVERSELY IMPACT NET SALES IN FUTURE PERIODS.
 
Customers for our products are companies that require teleconferencing equipment.  These companies may purchase our equipment as part of their capital budget.  As a result, we are dependent upon receiving orders from companies that are either expanding their business, commencing a new business, upgrading their capital equipment or otherwise require capital equipment.  Our business is therefore dependent upon both the economic health of our customers’ financial condition and our ability to offer products that meet their requirements based on potential cost savings in using teleconferencing equipment in contrast to existing equipment or equipment offered by others.

OUR DEPENDENCE ON A LIMITED NUMBER OF THIRD-PARTY SUPPLIERS FOR KEY SURVEILLANCE, TELECONFERENCING AND CUSTOMIZED EQUIPMENT COULD PREVENT US FROM TIMELY DELIVERING OUR PRODUCTS TO OUR CUSTOMERS IN THE REQUIRED QUANTITIES, WHICH COULD RESULT IN ORDER CANCELLATIONS AND DECREASED REVENUES.

We purchase equipment from a limited number of third-party suppliers. If we fail to develop or maintain our relationships with these or our other suppliers, we may be unable to obtain equipment or our products may be available at a higher cost or after a long delay, and we could be prevented from delivering our products to our customers in the required quantities and at prices that are profitable. Problems of this kind could cause us to experience order cancellations and loss of market share. The failure of a supplier to supply components that meet our quality, quantity and cost requirements in a timely manner could impair our ability to deliver our products or increase our costs, particularly if we are unable to obtain these components from alternative sources on a timely basis or on commercially reasonable terms. As a result, such equipment is not readily available from multiple vendors and would be difficult to repair or replace.

WE DEPEND ON OUR KEY MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL AND THE LOSS OF THEIR SERVICES COULD ADVERSELY AFFECT OUR BUSINESS.

We place substantial reliance upon the efforts and abilities of our executive officers, Roger Ralston, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and Michele Ralston, our Chief Financial Officer, and a director.  The loss of the services of any of our executive officers could have a material adverse effect on our business, operations, revenues or prospects.  We do not maintain key man life insurance on the lives of these individuals.

MANAGEMENT EXERCISES SIGNIFICANT CONTROL OVER MATTERS REQUIRING SHAREHOLDER APPROVAL WHICH MAY RESULT IN THE DELAY OR PREVENTION OF A CHANGE IN OUR CONTROL.

Roger Ralston, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, would have voting power equal to approximately 29% of our voting securities. As a result, management through such stock ownership rights has the ability to exercise significant control over all matters requiring shareholder approval, including the election of directors and approval of significant corporate transactions.  This concentration of ownership in management may also have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of us that may be otherwise viewed as beneficial by shareholders other than management.

 
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Risks Related to Our Stock

OUR STOCK PRICE MAY BE VOLATILE, WHICH COULD RESULT IN SUBSTANTIAL LOSSES FOR INVESTORS.
 
The market price of our common stock is likely to be highly volatile and could fluctuate widely in response to various factors, many of which are beyond our control, including the following:

 
technological innovations or new products and services by us or our competitors;
 
additions or departures of key personnel;
 
sales of our common stock, particularly under any registration statement for the purposes of selling any other securities, including management shares;
 
negative sentiment from investors, customers, vendors and strategic partners due to doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern;
 
our ability to execute our business plan;
 
operating results that fall below expectations;
 
loss of any strategic relationship;
 
industry developments;
 
economic and other external factors; and
 
period-to-period fluctuations in our financial results.

In addition, the securities markets have from time to time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These market fluctuations may also significantly affect the market price of our common stock.
 
WE ARE SUBJECT TO PENNY STOCK RULES WHICH WILL MAKE THE SHARES OF OUR COMMON STOCK MORE DIFFICULT TO SELL.
 
We are subject to the Securities and Exchange Commission’s “penny stock” rules since our shares of common stock sell below $5.00 per share. Penny stocks generally are equity securities with a per share price of less than $5.00. The penny stock rules require broker-dealers to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document prepared by the Securities and Exchange Commission that provides information about penny stocks and the nature and level of risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer must also provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson, and monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer’s account. The bid and offer quotations, and the broker-dealer and salesperson compensation information must be given to the customer orally or in writing prior to completing the transaction and must be given to the customer in writing before or with the customer’s confirmation.
 
In addition, the penny stock rules require that prior to a transaction the broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction. The penny stock rules are burdensome and may reduce purchases of any offerings and reduce the trading activity for shares of our common stock. As long as our shares of common stock are subject to the penny stock rules, the holders of such shares of common stock may find it more difficult to sell their securities.
 
THERE IS, AT PRESENT, ONLY A LIMITED MARKET FOR OUR COMMON STOCK AND WE CANNOT ENSURE INVESTORS THAT AN ACTIVE MARKET FOR OUR COMMON STOCK WILL EVER DEVELOP OR BE SUSTAINED.
 
Our shares of common stock are thinly traded. Due to the illiquidity, the market price may not accurately reflect our relative value. There can be no assurance that there will be an active market for our shares of common stock either now or in the future. Because our common stock is so thinly traded, a large block of shares traded can lead to a dramatic fluctuation in the share price and investors may not be able to liquidate their investment in us at all or at a price that reflects the value of the business. In addition, our common stock currently trades on the OTCQB, which generally lacks the liquidity, research coverage and institutional investor following of a national securities exchange like the NYSE MKT, the New York Stock Exchange or the Nasdaq Stock Market. While we intend to list our common stock on a national securities exchange once we satisfy the initial listing standards for such an exchange, we currently do not, and may not ever, satisfy such initial listing standards.
 
 
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OUR BOARD OF DIRECTORS CAN AUTHORIZE THE ISSUANCE OF PREFERRED STOCK, WHICH COULD DIMINISH THE RIGHTS OF HOLDERS OF OUR COMMON STOCK, AND MAKE A CHANGE OF CONTROL OF US MORE DIFFICULT EVEN IF IT MIGHT BENEFIT OUR SHAREHOLDERS.
 
Our board of directors is authorized to issue up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock in one or more series and to fix the voting powers, preferences and other rights and limitations of the preferred stock. Accordingly, we may issue shares of preferred stock with a preference over our common stock with respect to dividends or distributions on liquidation or dissolution, or that may otherwise adversely affect the voting or other rights of the holders of common stock. Issuances of preferred stock, depending upon the rights, preferences and designations of the preferred stock, may have the effect of delaying, deterring or preventing a change of control, even if that change of control might benefit our shareholders.
 
OFFERS OR AVAILABILITY FOR SALE OF A SUBSTANTIAL NUMBER OF SHARES OF OUR COMMON STOCK MAY CAUSE THE PRICE OF OUR COMMON STOCK TO DECLINE.
 
Sales of a significant number of shares of our common stock in the public market could harm the market price of our common stock and make it more difficult for us to raise funds through future offerings of common stock. As additional shares of our common stock become available for resale in the public market, the supply of our common stock will increase, which could decrease the price of our common stock.

 In addition, if our shareholders sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, upon the expiration of any statutory holding period under Rule 144, upon the expiration of lock-up periods applicable to outstanding shares, or upon the exercise of outstanding options or warrants, it could create a circumstance commonly referred to as an “overhang,” in anticipation of which the market price of our common stock could fall. The existence of an overhang, whether or not sales have occurred or are occurring, could also make it more difficult for us to raise additional financing through the sale of equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and price that we deem reasonable or appropriate.
 
WE DO NOT EXPECT TO PAY DIVIDENDS IN THE FUTURE. AS A RESULT, ANY RETURN ON INVESTMENT MAY BE LIMITED TO THE VALUE OF OUR COMMON STOCK.
 
We do not anticipate paying cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. The payment of dividends on our common stock will depend on our earnings, financial condition and other business and economic factors as our board of directors may consider relevant. If we do not pay dividends, our common stock may be less valuable because a return on an investment in our common stock will only occur if our stock price appreciates.

WE HAVE NOT VOLUNTARILY IMPLEMENTED VARIOUS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE MEASURES, IN THE ABSENCE OF WHICH, STOCKHOLDERS MAY HAVE MORE LIMITED PROTECTIONS AGAINST INTERESTED DIRECTOR TRANSACTIONS, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST AND SIMILAR MATTERS.

Federal legislation, including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, has resulted in the adoption of various corporate governance measures designed to promote the integrity of the corporate management and the securities markets. Some of these measures have been adopted in response to legal requirements. Others have been adopted by companies in response to the requirements of national securities exchanges, such as the NYSE or the NASDAQ Stock Market, on which their securities are listed. Among the corporate governance measures that are required under the rules of national securities exchanges are those that address board of directors' independence, audit committee oversight, and the adoption of a code of ethics.  While we have adopted certain corporate governance measures such as a Code of Ethics, we presently do not have any independent directors.  It is possible that if we were to have independent directors on our board, stockholders would benefit from somewhat greater assurances that internal corporate decisions were being made by disinterested directors and that policies had been implemented to define responsible conduct.  For example, in the absence of audit, nominating and compensation committees comprised of at least a majority of independent directors, decisions concerning matters such as compensation packages to our senior officers and recommendations for director nominees may be made by our directors who have an interest in the outcome of the matters being decided.  Prospective investors should bear in mind our current lack of corporate governance measures and independent directors in formulating their investment decisions.

 
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WE MAY BE EXPOSED TO POTENTIAL RISKS RELATING TO OUR INTERNAL CONTROLS OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING AND OUR ABILITY TO HAVE THOSE CONTROLS ATTESTED TO BY OUR INDEPENDENT AUDITORS.

As directed by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the Securities and Exchange Commission adopted rules requiring public companies to include a report of management on the company's internal controls over financial reporting in their annual reports, including Form 10-K.  In addition, the independent registered public accounting firm auditing a company's financial statements must also attest to and report on management's assessment of the effectiveness of the company's internal controls over financial reporting as well as the operating effectiveness of the company's internal controls.  We were not subject to these requirements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013.  We are evaluating our internal control systems in order to allow our management to report on our internal controls, as a required part of our Annual Report on Form 10-K.

While we expect to expend significant resources in developing the necessary documentation and testing procedures required by SOX 404, there is a risk that we will not comply with all of the requirements imposed thereby.  At present, there is no precedent available with which to measure compliance adequacy.  Accordingly, there can be no positive assurance that we will receive a positive attestation from our independent auditors.

In the event we identify significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in our internal controls that we cannot remediate in a timely manner or we are unable to receive a positive attestation from our independent auditors with respect to our internal controls, investors and others may lose confidence in the reliability of our financial statements and our ability to obtain equity or debt financing could suffer.

ITEM 1B.
UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
 
Not applicable to a smaller reporting company.

ITEM 2.
DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY
 
 
We currently use general office space in Boca Raton, Florida from a related party. The facility is provided to us at no cost by our CEO and director, Roger Ralston. We believe that our facility is adequate to meet our current needs.

ITEM 3.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
We are not currently involved in any litigation that we believe could have a materially adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. There is no action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency, self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the knowledge of the executive officers of our Company or any of our subsidiaries, threatened against or affecting our Company, our common stock, any of our subsidiaries or of our Company’s or our Company’s subsidiaries’ officers or directors in their capacities as such, in which an adverse decision could have a material adverse effect.

ITEM 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
 
Not applicable.
PART II
 
ITEM 5.
MARKET FOR COMMON STOCK AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
 
Market Price of and Dividends on Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters
 
Our common stock is quoted in the over-the-counter market on OTC Markets Inc. OTCQB under the symbol DIRV.  However, the Company has had limited to no trading activity in its common stock and we are unable to provide the range of high and low bids per share of our common stock for the applicable periods.
 
The market price of our common stock is subject to significant fluctuations in response to variations in our quarterly operating results, general trends in the market, and other factors, over many of which we have little or no control.  In addition, broad market fluctuations, as well as general economic, business and political conditions, may adversely affect the market for our common stock, regardless of our actual or projected performance.

The last sale price of our common stock as reported on the on the OTCQB on April 15, 2014 was $.0171 per share.  As of April 15, 2014, there were approximately 193 record owners of our common stock.

 
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Dividend Policy

We have not paid any cash dividends to our shareholders. The declaration of any future cash dividends is at the discretion of our board of directors and depends upon our earnings, if any, our capital requirements and financial position, our general economic conditions, and other pertinent conditions. It is our present intention not to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future, but rather to reinvest earnings, if any, in our business operations.

Under Nevada law, we may declare and pay dividends on our capital stock either out of our surplus, as defined in the relevant Nevada statutes, or if there is no such surplus, out of our net profits for the fiscal year in which the dividend is declared and/or the preceding fiscal year.  If, however, the capital of our company, computed in accordance with the relevant Nevada statutes, has been diminished by depreciation in the value of our property, or by losses, or otherwise, to an amount less than the aggregate amount of the capital represented by the issued and outstanding stock of all classes having a preference upon the distribution of assets, we are prohibited from declaring and paying out of such net profits and dividends upon any shares of our capital stock until the deficiency in the amount of capital represented by the issued and outstanding stock of all classes having a preference upon the distribution of assets shall have been repaired.
 
Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

On March 13, 2014, the Board of Directors of the Company approved the adoption of the 2014 Incentive Plan of DirectView Holdings, Inc. (the “Plan”). There are 10,000,000 shares of our common stock reserved for issuance under the Plan. On the same date, the Company filed a Registration Statement on Form S-8 to register with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) 10,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, which may be issued by the Company upon the exercise of options granted, or other awards made, pursuant to the terms of the Plan. Please see the Plan filed as exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8.

On March 20, 2014, the Company issued 3,000,000 shares of common stock registered under the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 to an employee.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
 
There were no sales of unregistered securities not already reported on the Company’s quarterly filings on Form 10-Q or on a Current Report on Form 8-K.

ITEM 6.
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
Not applicable to a smaller reporting company.

ITEM 7.                  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
 
The following discussion ofour financial condition and results of operation for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 should be read in conjunction with the selected consolidated financial data, the financial statements and the notes to those statements that are included elsewhere in this report). Our discussion includes forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties, such as our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions. Actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors, including those set forth under the Item 1A. Risk Factors, Cautionary Notice Regarding Forward-Looking Statements and Business sections in this Form 10-K. We use words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” “continuing,” “ongoing,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements.
 
Overview

Our company was formed in October 2006.  Immediately thereafter we acquired Ralston Communication Services and Meeting Technologies from DirectView, Inc., a Nevada corporation of which Mr. and Mrs. Ralston were officers and directors immediately prior to such acquisition, in exchange for the assumption by us of these subsidiaries working capital deficiencies and any and all trade credit and other liabilities.  Both of these entities had historically provided the video conferencing services we continue to provide.  Thereafter, in February 2007 we formed DirectView Security Systems, Inc. (“DirectView Security”) and in July 2007 we formed DirectView Video. DirectView Security began offering services and products immediately from inception.

Our operations are conducted within two divisions:

 
Our security division which provides surveillance systems, digital video recording and services to businesses and organizations, and
 
Our video conferencing divisions which is a full-service provider of teleconferencing products and services to businesses and organizations.

 
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We operate our security division through DirectView Security where we provide a wide array of video and audio hardware and software options to create custom security and surveillance solutions for large and small businesses as well as residential customers. The Company currently services customers in the transportation, hotel/hospitality, education and real estate industries.

We provide our customers with the latest technologies in surveillance systems, digital video recording and services.  The systems provide onsite and remote video and audio surveillance. We generate revenue through the sale and installation of surveillance systems and the sale of maintenance agreements. We source our products from a variety of different suppliers and our product and service offerings include:
 
  DRV Recorders and Cameras   
Video Intercoms
 
         
  NVR Recorders and IP Cameras    Laser and Video Beam Perimeter Security  
         
  Motion Detection and Thermal Imagery    Security Design and Consulting  
         
  Remote Control Device Management   Equipment Maintenance Service Plans  
         
 
Access Control Solutions
     
 
We have also developed custom software programs and applications to work with the products we offer to customers to enhance their convenience and capability.  We have developed a mobile application which we call the “DirectView Security App” to enable full remote management of deployed surveillance devices including positioning cameras, setting recording parameters, and replay of selected video.  The DirectView Security App provides full encryption and is compatible with all Apple and Android based mobile devices.  We are also in late stage development of a proprietary software platform targeted for educational institutions/daycare, aviation, and religious organizations.  The platform will enable tiered database controlled access to multiple encrypted live streaming videos with audio with full scalability. The software will allow these businesses and organizations to provide parents, patrons or customers access to see to view a particular classroom, attend a religious service, or watch any activity permitted by the licensor of the software through any internet connected mobile device or computer.

We target businesses of various sizes ranging from residential to large scale businesses.  Our main markets can be divided into five categories which include:

- Transportation (Airports, Heliports, and Bus Terminals)
- Hospitality (Hotels, Golf Courses, and Bar/Restaurant)
- Industrial (Warehouse, Storage, and Manufacturing)
- Educational (Daycare, Private Schools, Learning Centers/Religious Organizations
- Residential (Condos/Co-ops, Property Management Companies, and Private Homes)

Our video conferencing products and services enable our clients to cost-effectively conduct remote meetings by linking participants in geographically dispersed locations. Our primary focus is to provide high value-added conferencing products and services to organizations such as commercial, government, medical and educational sectors. We generate revenue through the sale of conferencing services based upon usage, the sale and installation of video equipment and the sale of maintenance agreements.

Our Outlook

Our net sales are currently not sufficient to fund our operating expenses.  We have relied upon funds from the issuance of notes, the sale of common stock and advances from our executive officers to provide working capital to our company.  These funds, however, are not sufficient to pay all of our expenses nor to provide the additional capital we believe is necessary to permit us to properly market our company in an effort to increase our sales.  We are always looking for opportunities with new dealers to expand our IP based surveillance products offerings and plan to evaluate the market for our products throughout 2014 to determine whether we should hire additional employees in our sales force. We seek to leverage our current customer base which includes major international hotel chains, well known real estate development companies, and respected educational facilities, to build our reputation as a trusted security provider and generate customer referrals.  We intend to market our DirectView App and our proprietary IP video monitoring software upon its completion in several of our identified market categories listed above. Beginning in 2014 we also began targeting our marketing efforts toward the cannabis industry.  We see the specific security needs of this industry representing a significant opportunity for sales growth.  More than 18 states have legalized marijuana for medical or recreational use and approvals for various uses are being sought in numerous additional states.  Each state has specific requirements for security which includes extensive video surveillance and perimeter security. Additionally, some larger security companies have been hesitant to enter this market up to this point which we believe will help reduce competitive pressures.  While we believe our strategy for growth will result in an increase demand for our products and service and generate revenues, no assurance can be provided that we will successfully implement our strategy. We are subject to significant business risks and may need to raise additional capital in order to realize and effectuate the above strategy.

 
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We raised $260,000 in capital during the fourth quarter of 2013 and first quarter of 2014, however, our experience has demonstrated that our ability to raise capital has been generally limited.   While we continue to seek capital to support our business expansion efforts, the uncertainty in the capital markets, the small size of our company and the low barriers to entry in our market may make our company less attractive to prospective investors and we may not be successful in raising the needed capital to adequately operate and expand our business.   If we are unable to raise the necessary capital, we will not be able to expand our business and our ability to continue as a going concern will be in jeopardy.

Results of Operations

Year Ended December 31, 2013 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2012

Net Sales

Overall, our net sales for the year ended December 31, 2013 increased approximately 104% from the comparable period in 2012.  The following table provides comparative data regarding the source of our net sales in each of these periods and the change from 2012 to 2013:

   
Year Ended December 31, 2013
   
Year Ended December 31, 2012
       
                                           
          $      
% of Total
          $      
% of Total
   
Variance
 
Sale of product
    182,341               73 %     78,118               64 %     133 %
Service
    67,002               27 %     44,145               36 %     52 %
Total
    249,343               100 %     122,263               100 %     104 %

Sales of product for the year ended December 31, 2013 increased approximately 133% as compared to the year ended December 31, 2012.   Service revenue increased by approximately 52% due to three customers increasing their service needs in 2013 compared to 2012.
 
Net sales increased due to marketing efforts and customer relations.  In an effort to increase our sales in future periods, we need to hire additional sales staff to initiate a telemarketing campaign and we need to obtain leads from various lead sources such as lead generating telemarketing lists, email marketing campaigns and other sources. However, given our lack of working capital, we cannot assure that we will ever be able to successfully implement our current business strategy or increase our revenues in future periods. Although we recognized sales during the year ended December 31, 2013, there can be no assurances that we will continue to recognize similar revenues in the future.

Cost of Sales

Cost of product includes product and delivery costs relating to the sale of product revenue.  Cost of services includes labor and installation for service revenue.   Overall, cost of sales increased approximately 113% for the year ended December 31, 2013 compared to December 31, 2012.  The following table provides comparative data regarding the breakdown of the cost of sales in each of these periods and the change from 2012 to 2013:
 
   
Year Ended December 31, 2013
   
Year Ended December 31, 2012
   
Change in costs
 
                                           
          $      
% of Total
          $      
% of Total
   
Variance
 
Cost of product
    101,422               56 %     37,984               44 %     167 %
Cost of service
    80,341               44 %     47,500               56 %     69 %
Total
    181,763               100 %     85,484               100 %     113 %

During the year ended December 31, 2013, our cost of product increased approximately 167% as compared to the year ended December 31, 2012. Our cost of services increased 69% as compared to the year ended December 31, 2012.

 
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Total operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013 were $646,286 a decrease of $457,944, or approximately 41%, from total operating expenses for the comparable year ended December 31, 2012 of $1,104,230. This decrease is primarily attributable to a decline in stock based compensation of approximately $440,000 and a decline in administrative salaries attributed to loss of an employee which is offset with increased professional fees categorized under other selling, general and administrative expenses.

Loss from Operations

We reported a loss from operations of $578,706 for the year ended December 31, 2013, as compared to a loss from operations of $1,067,451 for the year ended December 31, 2012. A decrease of $488,745 or 46% for the year ended December 31, 2013.

Other Income (Expenses)

Total other expense was $1,338,199 for the year ended December 31, 2013 as compared to other expense of $47,125 for the year ended December 31, 2012. An increase of other income of $201,851, for the year ended December 31, 2013 is primarily attributable to the write off of approximately $224,000 of accounts payable for the year ended December 31, 2013 compared to $0 written off for the year ended December 31, 2012.  Additionally a net expense of $1,562,926 was recorded relating to derivative liabilities.

Net loss

We reported a net loss of $1,916,905 for the year ended December 31, 2013 as compared to a net loss of $1,114,576 for the year ended December 31, 2012.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Liquidity is the ability of a company to generate funds to support its current and future operations, satisfy its obligations, and otherwise operate on an ongoing basis. At December 31, 2013, we had a cash balance of $23,469. Our working capital deficit is $3,970,896 at December 31, 2013.
 
We reported a net increase in cash for the year ended December 31, 2013 of $20,518. While we currently have no material commitments for capital expenditures, at December 31, 2013 we owed approximately $127,000 under various notes payable.  During the year ended December 31, 2013, we have raised $60,500 from debts.

During the quarter ended June 30, 2012, the Company issued notes payable with an interest rate of 3% to the CFO amounting to $429,439 related to the accrued salaries.  As of December 31, 2013 the balance on the notes payable related to the accrued salaries remained at $429,439.

The Company also has a due on demand note payable with an interest rate of 12% as of December 31, 2013 totaling $10,843 payable to Mr. Ralston and a due on demand note payable with an interest rate of 3% as of December 31, 2013 totaling $52,347 payable to Mrs. Ralston.
 
Accrued liabilities were $1,285,994 as of December 31, 2013 which consisted of the following:
 
      Accrued salaries to our officers and certain employees amounting to $626,873
              Accrued sales tax of $22,492
      Accrued general and administrative expenses of $2,000
      Accrued commissions to certain employees amounting to $60,590
      Accrued payroll liabilities including penalties of $215,442
      Lease abandonment charges of $164,375
      Accrued interest of $194,222

Our net sales are not sufficient to fund our operating expenses.  We will need to raise significant additional capital to fund our operating expenses, pay our obligations, and grow our company. We reported a net loss of $1,916,905 during the year ended December 31, 2013.  At December 31, 2013 we had a working capital deficit of $3,970,896. We do not anticipate we will be profitable in 2014.  Therefore our operations will be dependent on our ability to secure additional financing.  Financing transactions may include the issuance of equity or debt securities, obtaining credit facilities, or other financing mechanisms. The trading price of our common stock and a downturn in the U.S. equity and debt markets could make it more difficult to obtain financing through the issuance of equity or debt securities. Even if we are able to raise the funds required, it is possible that we could incur unexpected costs and expenses, fail to collect significant amounts owed to us, or experience unexpected cash requirements that would force us to seek alternative financing. Furthermore, if we issue additional equity or debt securities, stockholders may experience additional dilution or the new equity securities may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of existing holders of our common stock. The inability to obtain additional capital may restrict our ability to grow and may reduce our ability to continue to conduct business operations. If we are unable to obtain additional financing, we will likely be required to curtail our marketing and development plans and possibly cease our operations. Furthermore we have debt obligations, which must be satisfied.  If we are successful in securing additional working capital, we intend to increase our marketing efforts to grow our revenues.  We do not presently have any firm commitments for any additional capital and our financial condition as well as the uncertainty in the capital markets may make our ability to secure this capital difficult. There are no assurances that we will be able to continue our business, and we may be forced to cease operations in which event investors could lose their entire investment in our company. Included in our Notes to the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013 is a discussion regarding Going Concern.

 
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Operating activities

Net cash flows used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2013 amounted to $236,835 and was primarily attributable to our net losses of $1,916,905, offset by depreciation of $153 and net derivative expenses of $1,443,722, add back of amortization of debt issuance cost and debt discount of $74,181, bad debt expense of $38,000, and total changes in other assets and liabilities of $124,014.  Net cash flows used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2012 amounted to $328,457 and was primarily attributable to our net losses of $1,114,576, offset by depreciation of $300, bad debt expense of $40,948, amortization of debt issuance cost and debt discount of $17,064, fair value of subsidiary’s common stock issued for services of $437,125, add back of change in fair value of derivative liability of $22,416 and total changes in other assets and liabilities of $313,098.

Financing activities

Net cash flows provided by financing activities was $257,353 for the year ended December 31, 2013. We received proceeds from notes payable of $60,500, proceeds from short term advances of $35,879 and net proceeds due to related parties of $160,974.  Net cash flows provided by financing activities was $324,160 for the year ended December 31, 2012. We received net proceeds from sale of stock of $506,955, offset by payments due to related parties of $264,229, proceeds from short term advances of $102,434 and net repayments of notes and loans payable of $21,000.

Contractual Obligations

We have certain fixed contractual obligations and commitments that include future estimated payments. Changes in our business needs, cancellation provisions, changing interest rates, and other factors may result in actual payments differing from the estimates. We cannot provide certainty regarding the timing and amounts of payments. We have presented below a summary of the most significant assumptions used in our determination of amounts presented in the tables, in order to assist in the review of this information within the context of our consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.
 
The following tables summarize our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2013, and the effect these obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flows in future periods.

   
Payments Due by Period
 
   
Total
   
Less than 1 year
   
1-3 Years
   
4-5 Years
   
5 Years +
 
Contractual Obligations :
                             
Short term loans- unrelated party
  $ 146,015       146,015                    
Short term loans- related party
  $ 201,184       201,184                    
Operating Leases
  $ 164,375       164,375                    
Purchase Obligations
  $                          
Total Contractual Obligations:
  $ 511,574       511,574                    
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have not entered into any other financial guarantees or other commitments to guarantee the payment obligations of any third parties. We have not entered into any derivative contracts that are indexed to our shares and classified as stockholder’s equity or that are not reflected in our consolidated financial statements. Furthermore, we do not have any retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to an unconsolidated entity that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support to such entity.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. Preparing financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. These estimates and assumptions are affected by management's applications of accounting policies. Critical accounting policies for our company include revenue recognition and accounting for stock based compensation.

 
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Revenue Recognition

We follow the guidance of the Securities and Exchange Commission's Staff Accounting Bulletin 104 for revenue recognition. In general, we record revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, services have been rendered or product delivery has occurred, the sales price to the customer is fixed or determinable, and collectibility is reasonably assured. When a customer order contains multiple items such as hardware, software, and services which are delivered at varying times, we determine whether the delivered items can be considered separate units of accounting. Delivered items should be considered separate units of accounting if delivered items have value to the customer on a standalone basis, there is objective and reliable evidence of the fair value of undelivered items, and if delivery of undelivered items is probable and substantially in our control. The following policies reflect specific criteria for our various revenues streams:

 
Revenue is recognized upon completion of conferencing services. We generally do not charge up-front fees and bill our customers based on usage.

 
Revenue for video equipment sales and security surveillance equipment sales is recognized upon delivery and installation.

 
Revenue from periodic maintenance agreements is generally recognized ratably over the respective maintenance periods provided no significant obligations remain and collectibility of the related receivable is probable.

Stock Based Compensation

In December 2004, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued FASB ASC Topic 718: Compensation – Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). Under ASC 718, companies are required to measure the compensation costs of share-based compensation arrangements based on the grant-date fair value and recognize the costs in the financial statements over the period during which employees are required to provide services. Share-based compensation arrangements include stock options, restricted share plans, performance-based awards, share appreciation rights and employee share purchase plans. Companies may elect to apply this statement either prospectively, or on a modified version of retrospective application under which financial statements for prior periods are adjusted on a basis consistent with the pro forma disclosures required for those periods under ASC 718. Upon adoption of ASC 718, the Company elected to value employee stock options using the Black-Scholes option valuation method that uses assumptions that relate to the expected volatility of the Company’s common stock, the expected dividend yield of our stock, the expected life of the options and the risk free interest rate. Such compensation amounts, if any, are amortized over the respective vesting periods or period of service of the option grant.

Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements as well as the reported net sales and expenses during the reporting periods. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and assumptions. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Account Receivable

We have a policy of reserving for uncollectible accounts based on its best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in its existing accounts receivable.  We periodically review our accounts receivable to determine whether an allowance is necessary based on an analysis of past due accounts and other factors that may indicate that the realization of an account may be in doubt.  Account balances deemed to be uncollectible are charged to the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are carried at cost. The cost of repairs and maintenance is expensed as incurred; major replacements and improvements are capitalized.  When assets are retired or disposed of, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any resulting gains or losses are included in income in the year of disposition.  The Company examines the possibility of decreases in the value of fixed assets when events or changes in circumstances reflect the fact that their recorded value may not be recoverable. Depreciation is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the assets.
 
 
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Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method as prescribed by ASC Topic 740: Income Taxes (“ASC 740”). It requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our financial statements or tax returns. The charge for taxation is based on the results for the year as adjusted for items, which are non-assessable or disallowed. It is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.
 
Deferred tax is accounted for using the balance sheet liability method in respect of temporary differences arising from differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax basis used in the computation of assessable tax profit. In principle, deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable temporary differences, and deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent that it is probably that taxable profit will be available against which deductible temporary differences can be utilized.

Deferred tax is calculated using tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled. Deferred tax is charged or credited in the income statement, except when it is related to items credited or charged directly to equity, in which case the deferred tax is also dealt with in equity.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when they relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority and we intend to settle our current tax assets and liabilities on a net basis.

Pursuant to accounting standards related to the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes, a tax position is recognized as a benefit only if it is “more likely than not” that the tax position would be sustained in a tax examination, with a tax examination being presumed to occur. The amount recognized is the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized on examination. For tax positions not meeting the “more likely than not” test, no tax benefit is recorded. The adoption had no effect on our financial statements.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Adoption of New Accounting Principles

There are no recent accounting pronouncements or new accounting principles that have an effect on the Company’s financial statements.

ITEM 7A.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
Not applicable to smaller reporting companies
 
ITEM 8.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
 
See our Financial Statements beginning on page F-1 of this annual report.

ITEM 9.
CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

Changes in Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

On April 18, 2013, RBSM LLP (the “Former Accountant”) was dismissed as the Company’s accountant.  The Company has engaged D’Arelli Pruzansky, P.A. (the “New Accountant”) as its principal accountants effective April 23, 2013.  The decision to change accountants was approved by the Company’s board of directors.

Prior to retaining the New Accountant, the Company did not consult with the New Accountant regarding either: (i) the application of accounting principles to a specified transaction, either contemplated or proposed, or the type of audit opinion that might be rendered on the Company’s financial statements; or (ii) any matter that was the subject of a “disagreement” or a “reportable event” (as those terms are defined in Item 304 of Regulation S-K).

The Former Accountant was engaged on March 13, 2013 to audit the Company’s financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012. The  Former Accountant  did not issue an audit report  on the financial statements of the Company for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012.

 
16

 
 
During the period from March 13, 2013 through  April 18, 2013, there were no “disagreements” (as such term is defined in Item 304 of Regulation S-K) with the Former Accountant on any matter of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure, or auditing scope or procedures, which disagreements if not resolved to the satisfaction of the Former Accountant would have caused them to make reference thereto in their reports on the financial statements for such periods.

During the period  from March 13, 2013 through  April 18, 2013, there were no “reportable events” (as such term is defined in Item 304 of Regulation S-K).

On April 23, 2013, the Company provided the Former Accountant with its disclosures in a Current Report on Form 8-K disclosing the resignation  of the Former Accountant and requested in writing that the Former Accountant furnish the Company with a letter addressed to the Securities and Exchange Commission stating whether or not they agree with such disclosures. The Former Accountant’s response is filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 23, 2014.

ITEM 9A.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As required by Rule 13a-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as of December 31, 2013, the end of the year covered by this report, our management concluded its evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures.

Disclosure controls and procedures refer to controls and other procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating our disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating and implementing possible controls and procedures.
 
Our management does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures will prevent all error and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. The design of any system of controls is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.
 
Management conducted its evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures under the supervision of our chief executive officer and our chief financial officer. Based on that evaluation, Roger Ralston, our Chief Executive Officer, and Michele Ralston, our Chief Financial Officer concluded that because of the material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting described below, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of December 31, 2013.
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act. Our management is also required to assess and report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“Section 404”). Management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013. In making this assessment, we used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control - Integrated Framework. During our assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, management identified material weaknesses related to (i) our internal audit functions and (ii) the absence of an Audit Committee as of December 31, 2013, (iii) a lack of segregation of duties within accounting functions, (iiii) insufficient written policies and procedures for accounting and financial reporting with respect to the requirements and application of US GAAP and SEC disclosure requirements; and (iiiii) ineffective controls over period end financial close and reporting processes. Therefore, our internal controls over financial reporting were not effective as of December 31, 2013.
 
 
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Management has determined that our internal audit function is significantly deficient due to insufficient qualified resources to perform internal audit functions. Finally, management determined that the lack of an Audit Committee of our Board of Directors also contributed to insufficient oversight of our accounting and audit functions.
 
Due to our size and nature, segregation of all conflicting duties may not always be possible and may not be economically feasible. However, to the extent possible, we will implement procedures to assure that the initiation of transactions, the custody of assets and the recording of transactions will be performed by separate individuals.
 
We believe that the foregoing steps will remediate the material weaknesses identified above, and we will continue to monitor the effectiveness of these steps and make any changes that our management deems appropriate. Due to the nature of these material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting, there is more than a remote likelihood that misstatements which could be material to our annual or interim financial statements could occur that would not be prevented or detected.
 
A material weakness (within the meaning of PCAOB Auditing Standard No. 5) is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. A significant deficiency is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting that is less severe than a material weakness yet important enough to merit attention by those responsible for oversight of the company’s financial reporting.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies and procedures may deteriorate.
 
Auditor Attestation
 
This annual report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit us to provide only management’s report in this annual report.
 
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during our fiscal year 2013 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
ITEM 9B.
Other Information.
 
None.

PART III
 
ITEM 10.
DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

Set forth below is information concerning our executive officers and directors:
 
Name
Age
Position
Roger Ralston
45
Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors
     
Michele Ralston
44
Acting Chief Financial Officer, Secretary, Treasurer and Director

Roger Ralston has served as our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer since our inception in October 2006.  He has also served as Chief Executive Officer of DirectView Video since March 2003, Chief Executive Officer of DirectView Security since July 2007 and Chief Executive Officer of Ralston Communications since December 2002.  Mr. Ralston is the spouse of Michele Ralston.

In evaluating Mr. Ralston’s specific experience, qualifications, attributes and skills in connection with his appointment to our board, we took into account his experience in the technology industry and his knowledge of publicly traded companies.

 
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Michele Ralston has served as our Acting Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer and a member of our Board of Directors since inception in October 2006.  From May 2003 until October 2006 she served as our Chairman of the Board, Secretary and Treasurer of DirectView, Inc., a predecessor company.  Ms. Ralston is the spouse of Mr. Ralston.

In evaluating Mrs. Ralston’s specific experience, qualifications, attributes and skills in connection with her appointment to our board, we took into account her experience in the technology industry and her knowledge of accounting matters.

There are no family relationships between any of the executive officers and directors, except as set forth above.  Each director is elected at our annual meeting of stockholders and holds office until the next annual meeting of stockholders, or until his successor is elected and qualified.

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance
 
Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, requires our executive officers and directors, and persons who beneficially own more than 10% of a registered class of our equity securities to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission initial statements of beneficial ownership, reports of changes in ownership and annual reports concerning their ownership of our common shares and other equity securities, on Forms 3, 4 and 5 respectively. Executive officers, directors and greater than 10% stockholders are required by the Securities and Exchange Commission regulations to furnish us with copies of all Section 16(a) reports they file. Based solely on our review of the copies of such forms furnished to us during the year ended December 31, 2013, none of our executive officers, directors and persons holding greater than 10% of our issued and outstanding stock have failed to file the required reports in a timely manner.

Code of Ethics
 
In July 2009 our Board of Directors adopted a Code of Ethics which applies to our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, directors and employees of the Company. We have filed a copy of the Financial Code of Ethics with the Securities and Exchange Commission as an exhibit to this report.
 
Committees of our Board of Directors
 
Our Board of Directors has not established any committees, including an Audit Committee, a Compensation Committee or a Nominating Committee, any committee performing a similar function. The functions of those committees are being undertaken by the entire board as a whole.

We do not have a policy regarding the consideration of any director candidates which may be recommended by our stockholders, including the minimum qualifications for director candidates, nor has our Board of Directors established a process for identifying and evaluating director nominees. We have not adopted a policy regarding the handling of any potential recommendation of director candidates by our stockholders, including the procedures to be followed. Our Board has not considered or adopted any of these policies as we have never received a recommendation from any stockholder for any candidate to serve on our Board of Directors. Given our relative size and lack of directors and officers insurance coverage, we do not anticipate that any of our stockholders will make such a recommendation in the near future. While there have been no nominations of additional directors proposed, in the event such a proposal is made, all members of our Board will participate in the consideration of director nominees.
 
None of our directors is an “audit committee financial expert” within the meaning of Item 401(e) of Regulation S-X. In general, an “audit committee financial expert” is an individual member of the audit committee or Board of Directors who:
 
 
understands generally accepted accounting principles and financial statements,
 
 
is able to assess the general application of such principles in connection with accounting for estimates, accruals and reserves,
 
 
has experience preparing, auditing, analyzing or evaluating financial statements comparable to the breadth and complexity to our financial statements,
 
 
understands internal controls over financial reporting, and
 
 
understands audit committee functions.
 
 
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It is our desire to expand our Board of Directors during 2014 to include additional independent directors as well as one or more directors who are considered audit committee financial experts. At that time, we intend to establish an Audit Committee of our Board of Directors. Our securities are not quoted on an exchange, however, that has requirements that a majority of our Board members be independent and we are not currently otherwise subject to any law, rule or regulation requiring that all or any portion of our Board of Directors include “independent” directors, nor are we required to establish or maintain an Audit Committee or other committee of our Board of Directors. We are uncertain, however, as to our ability to attract qualified independent director candidates to serve on our Board of Directors given that we do not maintain directors and officers’ liability insurance.
 
ITEM 11.
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
 
Summary Compensation Table

The following table summarizes all compensation recorded by us in each of the last two completed fiscal years for our principal executive officer, each other executive officer serving as such whose annual compensation exceeded $100,000 and up to two additional individuals for whom disclosure would have been made in this table but for the fact that the individual was not serving as an executive officer of our company at December 31, 2013.


SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE
 
 
Name and principal position
(a)
Year
 
(b)
 
Salary
($)
(c)
   
Bonus
($)
(d)
   
Stock
Awards
($)
(e)
   
Option
Awards
($)
(f)
   
Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compen-sation ($)
(g)
   
Non-qualified Deferred Compen-sation Earnings ($)
(h)
   
All
Other Compen-sation
($)
(i)
   
Total
($)
(j)
 
Roger Ralston (1)
2013
   
276,924
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
24,000
     
300,924
 
 
2012
   
288,462
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
24,000
     
312,462