form10k_17564.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-K
 
x
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended                         May 31, 2013      

o
TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 For the transition period from _______________ to______________

Commission file number 000-26331                                                                                                           
 
GREYSTONE LOGISTICS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Oklahoma   75-2954680
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
     
1613 East 15th Street, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74120

(Address of principal executive offices)     (Zip Code)
 
 
(918) 583-7441

(Registrants telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
     
None   None
 
 
Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Act:
 
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value

(Title of class)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. [  ] Yes  [X] No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  [  ] Yes  [X] No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     [X] Yes  [   ] No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    [X] Yes   [   ] No
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  [    ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer [   ]                                                              Accelerated filer [   ]
Non-accelerated filer [   ]                                                                Smaller reporting company  [X]
 
Indicate by check whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).      Yes [   ]   No [X]

As of November 30, 2012, the aggregate market value of the voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, computed by using the average of the high and low price on such date, was $4,328,564 ($0.28 per share).
 
As of August 26, 2013, the issuer had outstanding a total of 26,111,201 shares of its $0.0001 par value common stock.

 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

None.
 
 
 

 
 
 

 
GREYSTONE LOGISTICS, INC.
FORM 10-K
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
PART I
     
Item 1.
 
Business
4
Item 1A.
 
Risk Factors
7
Item 1B.
 
Unresolved Staff Comments
7
Item 2.
 
Properties
7
Item 3.
 
Legal Proceedings
7
Item 4.
 
Mine Safety Disclosures
7
       
PART II
     
Item 5.
 
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
8
Item 6.
 
Selected Financial Data
8
Item 7.
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and  Results of Operations
8
Item 7A.
 
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
14
Item 8.
 
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
14
Item 9.
 
Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
14
Item 9A.
 
Controls and Procedures
15
Item 9B.
 
Other Information
15
       
PART III
     
Item 10.
 
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
16
Item 11.
 
Executive Compensation
17
Item 12.
 
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
20
Item 13.
 
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
22
Item 14.
 
Principal Accounting Fees and Services
23
       
PART IV
     
Item 15.
 
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
24
   
Signatures
26
       
 
 
- 3 -

 
PART I.

Item 1.    Business.

Organization

Greystone Logistics, Inc. ("Greystone" or the "Company") was incorporated in Delaware on February 24, 1969, under the name Permaspray Manufacturing Corporation.  It changed its name to Browning Enterprises Inc. in April 1982, to Cabec Energy Corp. in June 1993, to PalWeb Corporation in April 1999 and became Greystone Logistics, Inc. in March 2005 as further described below.   In December 1997, Greystone acquired all of the issued and outstanding stock of Plastic Pallet Production, Inc., a Texas corporation ("PPP"), and since that time, Greystone has primarily been engaged in the business of manufacturing and selling plastic pallets.

Effective September 8, 2003, Greystone acquired substantially all of the assets of Greystone Plastics, Inc., an Iowa corporation, through the purchase of such assets by Greystone's newly formed, wholly-owned subsidiary, Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C., an Oklahoma limited liability company ("GSM").  Greystone Plastics, Inc. was a manufacturer of plastic pallets used in the beverage industry.

Effective March 18, 2005, Greystone caused its newly formed, wholly owned subsidiary, Greystone Logistics, Inc., an Oklahoma corporation, to be merged with and into Greystone.  In connection with such merger and as of the effective time of the merger, Greystone amended its certificate of incorporation by changing its name to Greystone Logistics, Inc., pursuant to the terms of the certificate of ownership and merger filed by Greystone with the Secretary of State of Oklahoma.  Also in connection with such merger, Greystone amended its bylaws to change its name to Greystone Logistics, Inc.

Current Business

Products

Greystone's primary business is the manufacturing of plastic pallets utilizing recycled plastic and selling the pallets through one of its wholly owned subsidiaries, GSM.  Greystone sells its pallets through direct sales and a network of independent contractor distributors.  Greystone also sells its pallets and pallet leasing services to certain large customers direct through its President and other employees. As of May 31, 2013, Greystone had an aggregate in-house production capacity of approximately 70,000 pallets per month for its medium and heavy-duty pallets and 20,000 for its lightweight nestable pallets.

GSM's product line as of May 31, 2013, consists of the following:

 
40” X 32” rackable pallet,

 
37” X 37” rackable pallet,

 
44” X 56” rackable pallet,

 
48” X 48” rackable pallet.

 
48” X 40” rackable pallet,

 
48” X 44” rackable pallet,

 
48” X 40” nestable pallet,

 
24”X 40” display pallet,

 
48”X 40” monoblock (one-piece) pallet,

 
48”X 45” monoblock stackable pallet,

 
Keg pallet, and

 
36”X36”  rackable pallet.

As of May 31, 2013, GSM was also marketing the following pallets:

Mid-duty(TM) Picture Frame – A picture frame, web-top pallet that utilizes a patented inter-locking design and is produced using a proprietary blend of recycled plastics.  It has a rackable capacity of 1,500 lbs., a dynamic load of 5,000 lbs., static load of 25,000 lbs., and weighs 50 lbs.

 
- 4 -

 
Mid-duty(TM) Stackable – A web-top pallet that is produced using a proprietary blend of recycled plastics, has a dynamic load of 5,000 lbs., static load of 7,000 lbs., and weighs 32 lbs.

Mid-duty(TM) 3-Runner – A web-top pallet that utilizes a patented inter-locking design on a three runner bottom and is produced using a proprietary blend of recycled plastics.  It has a rackable load of 1,200 lbs., dynamic load of 5,000 lbs., static load of 12,000 lbs and weighs 41 lbs.

The principal raw materials used in manufacturing Greystone's plastic pallets are in abundant supply, and some of these materials may be obtained from recycled plastic containers. At the present time, these materials are being purchased from local, national and international suppliers.

Other Business

In January 2010, Greystone started actively selling recycled plastic that has been reprocessed into pellet form. Until February 1, 2013, under an agreement with Yorktown Management & Financial Services, L.L.C., an entity owned by Warren Kruger, Greystone’s President and CEO, Greystone provided the cost of processing raw material into pelletized recycled plastic and purchased the raw material from Yorktown at cost.  Under that arrangement, Greystone paid 40% of the gross profit, defined as revenue less cost of material and selling commissions, to Yorktown.  Effective February 1, 2013, the purchasing of raw material from Yorktown and the profit-sharing arrangement with Yorktown were terminated in favor of renting Yorktown’s equipment to produce pelletized material at a cost to Greystone of $0.02 per processed pound. Greystone has not actively pursued the product sales of pelletized-recycled plastic during fiscal years 2013 and 2012 due to the inability to realize adequate profit margins.  However, Greystone will place more emphasis in the future on the sale of pelletized-recycled plastic as the ability to achieve acceptable gross profit margins is realized.

Pallet Industry

Pallets are devices used for moving and storing freight. A pallet is used as a base for assembling, storing, stacking, handling, and transporting goods as a unit load.  A pallet is so constructed to facilitate the placement of a lift truck’s forks between the levels of a platform so it may be moved easily.

Pallets are used worldwide for the transportation of goods and they are primarily made of wood. There are an estimated 1.9 to 2.0 billion pallets in circulation daily in the United States (an estimated 97% wood pallets and 3% plastic or other pallets).  In 2004, the William H. Sardo Jr. Pallet and Container Research Laboratory at Virginia Tech University, under the direction of Dr. Marshall S. “Mark” White, estimated total pallet annual production in the United States at 814 million broken down as follows:
 
500 million new wood pallets
300 million repaired and used wood pallets
8.3 million plastic pallets
5.5 million corrugated paperboard pallets
1.1 million metal pallets

According to the National Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA), approximately 4.5 billion board feet of hardwood lumber is used annually for containers and pallets, which is almost 40% of all hardwood produced in the U.S.  According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency deforestation is a significant contributor to global carbon dioxide gas emissions.  Deforestation leads to CO2 emissions because the carbon sequestered in trees is emitted into the atmosphere and not counter-balanced by re-growth of new trees.

A wood container and pallet manufacturing industry report by Supplier Relations US estimated revenue for the year 2009 was approximately $6.7 billion with a gross profit of 21.11%.  The wood pallet and container industry is by no means concentrated, with roughly 2,500 – 3,000 pallet manufacturers and recyclers in operation. The estimated breakdown of wood pallet manufacturers is as follows:
 
44% manufacture new pallets only
47% manufacture new pallets and recovered use pallets (repair)
9% manufacture recovered use pallets only
 
Estimates of wood pallet manufacturing industry capacity utilization was at less than 60% in 2000 (Source: Sardo Laboratory).  According to the 2007 Economic Census, wood pallet and container manufacturers are rather small, totaling just 2,638 companies with a total of 58,467 employees.  Only 65 of these companies reported more than 100 employees and more than 2,000 of these companies reported less than 20 employees.  A typical company in this sector has only one establishment.  Capital investment in the industry was estimated in 2007 at $238,456 million.  Recent U.S. Census Bureau statistics also reports the value of shipments has increased almost 45% over the period from 2000 – 2008, or at an annual growth of 5%.
 
- 5 -

 
IBIS World forecasts modest industry growth over the next few years with little change in industry structure.  Greystone believes that a gradual shifting from wood pallets to plastic pallets will take place over time.  A June 2008 Freedonia Industrial report estimated the demand for wood pallets in 1997 was 1.112 billion and 1.105 billion in 2007.  At the same time, the demand for plastic pallets was 85 million in 1997 and 117 million in 2007.  Freedonia estimates that the demand for wood pallets will grow to 1.160 billion by 2012 and demand for plastic pallets to grow to 132 million.  Because of the lack of concentration among wood pallet manufacturers, there is a lesser risk of coordinated response (price, performance) against the penetration of plastic pallets. Wood is also a resource which faces environmental pressures (logging issues) as well as possible substantial overseas demand (China).

The largest industry users of pallets such as the food, chemical, pharmaceutical, beverage and dairy industries are populated with large public or private entities for which profitable financial performance is paramount.  The operating issues presented by wood pallets have been tolerated to date as there has been no viable alternative in sufficient size for replacement.

Types of Pallets

There are over 400 different pallet sizes used by companies in the United States.  Some of the most common sizes used in the U.S. according to the American National Standard/MH1 (2005) are listed below:
 
Pallet Type
 
Pallet Size
 
Share of Annual
Production (%)
Grocery
 
48 X 40”
 
30.0
Chemical
 
42 X 42”
 
5.7
Military
 
40 X 48”
 
4.0
Beverage
 
36 X 36”
 
3.0
Dairy
 
40 X 40”
 
3.0

The most common size pallet is the 48 x 40” 4-way pallet or otherwise referred to as the GMA (Grocery Manufacturer Association) pallet, sometimes known in the industry as the “GMA Pallet,” “The GMA Pallet,” “GMA 48 x 40 Pallet,” or “GMA Block Pallet.” The GMA acts as a commodity in the pallet industry, as price is often determined by availability.  As wood pallets move through their life cycle from a new pallet to a used pallet, they are repaired and put back in service until they are land filled or used as wood compost.
 
Pallets are the primary interface between the packaged product and today’s highly automated material handling equipment. Currently, approximately 90% of the U.S. domestic product is shipped on pallets. Although pallets are not the most glamorous part of the warehouse, they are important because users have expectations based on specifications and wood pallets lack critical manufacturing details that determine performance. The end user becomes frustrated when these pallets do not perform to expectation. Shipments can be damaged or rejected entirely resulting in significant product and revenue losses.  This angst is aggravated when new multi-million dollar automated systems are in use.

During the past two decades both timber prices and landfill fees have increased and have compelled businesses to modify the way pallets are managed. Businesses can evaluate and improve their pallet management systems and reduce associated waste by utilizing plastic recycled pallets.

Greystone’s management believes that the trend will continue to switch from wood to plastic, with the only limiting factor being price. Greystone intends to continue to conduct research on pallet design strength and coefficient of friction and the materials used to make the plastic pallets as required to meet market demands and improve their existing products.

Employees

As of May 31, 2013, Greystone had 87 full-time employees and used a temporary personnel service to provide additional production personnel as needed.

Marketing and Customers

Greystone's primary focus is to provide quality plastic pallets to its existing customers while continuing its marketing efforts to broaden its customer base. Greystone's existing customers are primarily located in the United States and engaged in the beverage, pharmaceutical and other industries.  Greystone has generated and plans to continue to generate interest in its pallets by attending trade shows sponsored by industry segments that would benefit from Greystone's products.  Greystone hopes to gain wider product acceptance by marketing the concept that the widespread use of plastic pallets could greatly reduce the destruction of trees on a worldwide basis.

 
- 6 -

 
Greystone also sells its pallets and pallet leasing services to certain large customers direct through contract distributors and its President and other employees.

Greystone derives a substantial portion of its revenue from a national brewer.  This customer accounted for approximately 63% and 59% of total sales in fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively.  The design of Greystone’s recycled plastic pallets are approved for use by the brewery and are the only plastic pallets in use for case goods at the current time  There is no assurance that Greystone will retain this customer’s business at the same level, or at all.  The loss of a material amount of business from this customer could have a material adverse effect on Greystone.

Competition

Greystone's primary competitors are a large number of small, privately held firms that sell wood pallets in very limited geographic locations.  Greystone believes that it can compete with manufacturers of wood pallets by emphasizing the cost savings realized over the longer life of its plastic pallets as well as the environmental benefits of its plastic pallets as compared to wood pallets.  Greystone also competes with three large and approximately ten small manufacturers of plastic pallets.  Some of Greystone's competitors may have substantially greater financial and other resources than Greystone and, therefore, may be able to commit greater resources than Greystone in such areas of product development, manufacturing and marketing.  However, Greystone believes that its proprietary designs coupled with the competitive pricing of its products gives Greystone a competitive advantage over other plastic pallet manufacturers.

Government Regulation

The business operations of Greystone are subject to existing and potential federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations pertaining to the handling and disposition of wastes (including solid and hazardous wastes) or otherwise relating to the protection of the environment.  In addition, both the plastics industry and Greystone are subject to existing and potential federal, state, local and foreign legislation designed to reduce solid wastes by requiring, among other things, plastics to be degradable in landfills, minimum levels of recycled content, various recycling requirements, disposal fees and limits on the use of plastic products.

Patents and Trademarks

Greystone seeks to protect its technical advances by pursuing national and international patent protection for its products and methods when appropriate.

Item 1A.   Risk Factors.

Not applicable.
 

Item 1B.   Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.
 

Item 2.      Properties.

Greystone leases approximately 3 acres of land in Bettendorf, Iowa and two buildings with a total of 120,000 square feet of manufacturing and warehouse space.  The property is leased from Greystone Real Estate, L.L.C. (“GRE”), an entity owned by Warren F. Kruger, Greystone’s President, CEO and a director and Robert B. Rosene, Jr., a director of Greystone.  The manufacturing and warehouse space is sufficiently equipped and designed to accommodate the manufacturing of plastic pallets and is currently used for grinding, processing and re-pelletizing recycled plastic.
 

Item 3.      Legal Proceedings.

None.
 

Item 4.      Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

 
- 7 -

 
PART II.

Item 5.      Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Market Information

Greystone's common stock is traded on the OTCQB under the symbol "GLGI."   The following table sets forth the range of high and low per share bid quotations for Greystone's common stock during the time periods indicated. The source of the foregoing quotations was the Financial Industry Regulatory Composite Feed or other qualified inter dealer quotation medium as provided by OTC Market Group, Inc.:

Quarter Ending
 
High
 
Low
Aug. 31, 2011
 
$0.10
 
$0.06
Nov. 30, 2011
 
 0.11
 
 0.08
Feb. 28, 2012
 
 0.09
 
 0.06
May 31, 2012
 
 0.10
 
 0.07
Aug. 31, 2012
 
 0.36
 
 0.08
Nov. 30, 2012
 
 0.37
 
 0.20
Feb. 28, 2013
 
 0.54
 
 0.22
May 31, 2013
 
 0.66
 
 0.28

Quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, markdown or commission and may not represent actual transactions.

Holders

As of approximately July 16, 2013, Greystone had approximately 345 common shareholders of record.

Dividends

Greystone paid no cash dividends to its common shareholders during the last two fiscal years and does not plan to pay any cash dividends in the near future.  In addition, pursuant to the terms and conditions of certain loan documentation with F&M Bank and the terms and conditions of Greystone's 2003 preferred stock, Greystone is restricted in its ability to pay dividends to holders of its common stock.

Item 6.    Selected Financial Data.

Not applicable.
 

Item 7.    Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information

This Annual Report on Form 10-K includes "forward looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements concern Greystone's plans, expectations and objectives for future operations.  All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included in this Form 10-K that address activities, events or developments that Greystone expects, believes or anticipates will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements.  The words "believe," "plan," "intend," "anticipate," "estimate," "project" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements include, among others, such things as:

•           expansion and growth of Greystone's business and operations;
•           future financial performance;
•           future acquisitions and developments;
•           potential sales of products;
•           future financing activities; and
•           business strategy.

These forward-looking statements are based on assumptions that Greystone believes are reasonable based on current expectations and projections about future events and industry conditions and trends affecting Greystone's business.  However, whether actual results and developments will conform to Greystone's expectations and predictions is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statements, including those factors discussed under the section of this Form 10-K entitled "Risk Factors."  In addition, Greystone's historical financial performance is not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected in the future and Greystone believes that such comparisons cannot be relied upon as indicators of future performance.

 
- 8 -

 
Risk Factors

Greystone has attained operating profits and positive cash flow from operating activities but there is no assurance that it will be able to sustain profitability.

Greystone was incorporated on February 24, 1969.  From April 1993 to December 1997, Greystone was engaged in various businesses, including the business of exploration, production, and development of oil and gas properties in the continental United States and the operation of a related service business.  In December 1997, Greystone acquired all of the issued and outstanding stock of Plastic Pallet Production, Inc., and its principal business changed to selling plastic pallets.  Greystone incurred losses from operations from such time through fiscal year 2007.  The results of Greystone’s operations for the fiscal years after fiscal year 2007 showed an operating profit and positive cash flows from operations with the exception of fiscal year 2011 for which Greystone incurred a loss but had positive operating income and positive cash flows from operations.  There is no assurance that Greystone will maintain a positive operating profit or otherwise obtain funds to finance capital and debt service requirements.

Greystone has granted security interests in substantially all of its assets in connection with certain debt financings and other transactions.

In connection with certain debt financings and other transactions, Greystone has granted third parties security interests in substantially all of its assets pursuant to agreements entered into with such third parties.  Upon the occurrence of an event of default under such agreements, the secured parties may enforce their rights and Greystone may lose all or a portion of its assets.  As a result, Greystone could be forced to materially reduce its business activities or cease operations.

Greystone's business could be affected by changes in availability of raw materials.

Greystone uses a proprietary mix of raw materials to produce its plastic pallets.  Such raw materials are generally readily available and some may be obtained from a broad range of recycled plastic suppliers and unprocessed waste plastic.  At the present time, these materials are being purchased from local, national and international suppliers.  The availability of Greystone's raw materials could change at any time for various reasons.  For example, the market demand for Greystone's raw materials could suddenly increase, or the rate at which plastic materials are recycled could decrease, affecting both availability and price.  Additionally, the laws and regulations governing the production of plastics and the recycling of plastic containers could change and, as a result, affect the supply of Greystone's raw materials.  Any interruption in the supply of raw materials or components could have a material adverse effect on Greystone.  Furthermore, certain potential alternative suppliers may have pre-existing exclusive relationships with Greystone's competitors and others that may preclude Greystone from obtaining raw materials from such suppliers.

Greystone's business could be affected by competition and rapid technological change.

Greystone currently faces competition from many companies that produce wooden pallets at prices that are substantially lower than the prices Greystone charges for its plastic pallets and other companies that manufacture plastic pallets.  It is anticipated that the plastic pallet industry will be subject to intense competition and rapid technological change.  Greystone could potentially face additional competition from recycling and plastics companies, many of which have substantially greater financial and other resources than Greystone and, therefore, are able to spend more than Greystone in areas such as product development, manufacturing and marketing.  Competitors may develop products that render Greystone's products or proposed products uneconomical or result in products being commercialized that may be superior to Greystone's products.  In addition, alternatives to plastic pallets could be developed, which would have a material adverse effect on Greystone.

Greystone is dependent on one large customer.

Greystone derives, and expects that in the foreseeable future it will continue to derive, a large portion of its revenue from a few large customers.  A single customer currently accounts for approximately 63% of its total sales in fiscal year 2013 (59% in fiscal year 2012).  There is no assurance that Greystone will retain this customer’s business at the same level, or at all.  The loss of a material amount of business from this customer would have a material adverse effect on Greystone.

Greystone may not be able to effectively protect Greystone's patents and proprietary rights.

Greystone relies upon a combination of patents and trade secrets to protect its proprietary technology, rights and know-how.  There can be no assurance that such patent rights will not be infringed upon, that Greystone's trade secrets will not otherwise become known to or independently developed by competitors, that non-disclosure agreements will not be breached, or that Greystone would have adequate remedies for any such infringement or breach.  Litigation may be necessary to enforce Greystone's proprietary rights or to defend Greystone against third-party claims of infringement.  Such litigation could result in substantial cost to, and a diversion of effort by, Greystone and its management and may have a material adverse effect on Greystone.  Greystone's success and potential competitive advantage is dependent upon its ability to exploit the technology under these patents.  There can be no assurance that Greystone will be able to exploit the technology covered by these patents or that Greystone will be able to do so exclusively.
 
 
- 9 -

 
Greystone's business could be affected by changing or new legislation regarding environmental matters.

Greystone's business is subject to changing federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations pertaining to the discharge of materials into the environment, the handling and disposition of waste (including solid and hazardous waste) or otherwise relating to the protection of the environment.  As is the case with manufacturers in general, if a release of hazardous substances occurs on or from Greystone's properties or any associated off-site disposal location, or if contamination from prior activities is discovered at any of Greystone's properties, Greystone may be held liable.  No assurances can be given that additional environmental issues will not require future expenditures.  In addition, both the plastics industry and Greystone are subject to existing and potential federal, state, local and foreign legislation designed to reduce solid wastes by requiring, among other things, plastics to be degradable in landfills, minimum levels of recycled content, various recycling requirements and disposal fees and limits on the use of plastic products.  In addition, various consumer and special interest groups have lobbied from time to time for the implementation of these and other such similar measures.  Although Greystone believes that the legislation promulgated to date and such initiatives to date have not had a material adverse effect on it, there can be no assurance that any such future legislative or regulatory efforts or future initiatives would not have a material adverse effect.

Greystone's business could be subject to potential product liability claims.

The testing, manufacturing and marketing of Greystone's products and proposed products involve inherent risks related to product liability claims or similar legal theories that may be asserted against Greystone, some of which may cause Greystone to incur significant defense costs.  Although Greystone currently maintains product liability insurance coverage that it believes is adequate, there can be no assurance that the coverage limits of its insurance will be adequate under all circumstances or that all such claims will be covered by insurance.  In addition, these policies generally must be renewed every year.  While Greystone has been able to obtain product liability insurance in the past, there can be no assurance it will be able to obtain such insurance in the future on all of its existing or future products.  A successful product liability claim or other judgment against Greystone in excess of its insurance coverage, or the loss of Greystone's product liability insurance coverage could have a material adverse effect upon Greystone.

Greystone currently depends on certain key personnel.

Greystone is dependent on the experience, abilities and continued services of its current management.  In particular, Warren Kruger, Greystone's President and CEO, has played a significant role in the development, management and financing of Greystone.  The loss or reduction of services of Warren Kruger or any other key employee could have a material adverse effect on Greystone.  In addition, there is no assurance that additional managerial assistance will not be required, or that Greystone will be able to attract or retain such personnel.

Greystone's executive officers and directors control a large percentage of Greystone's outstanding common stock and all of Greystone's 2003 preferred stock, which entitles them to certain voting rights, including the right to elect a majority of Greystone's Board of Directors.

Greystone's executive officers and directors (and their affiliates), in the aggregate, own approximately 40% of Greystone's outstanding common stock.  Therefore, Greystone's executive officers and directors can have significant influence with respect to the outcome of matters submitted to Greystone's shareholders for approval (including the election and removal of directors and any merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of Greystone's assets) and to control Greystone's management and affairs.  In addition, two of Greystone's directors (including one who also serves as one of Greystone’s executive officers) own all of Greystone's outstanding 2003 preferred stock, with each owning 50%.  The terms and conditions of Greystone's 2003 preferred stock provide that such holder has the right to elect a majority of Greystone's Board of Directors.  Such concentration of ownership may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control, impeding a merger, consolidation, takeover or other business combination or discouraging a potential acquirer from making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to obtain control, which in turn could have an adverse effect on the market price of Greystone's common stock.

Greystone's stock trades in a limited public market and is subject to price volatility. There can be no assurance that an active trading market will develop or be sustained.

There has been a limited public trading market for Greystone's common stock and there can be no assurance that an active trading market will develop or be sustained. In addition, Greystone’s board of directors has authorized the scheduling of a shareholders’ meeting to vote on a 1-for-10,000 reverse stock split. If the shareholders approve the reverse stock split, the reverse stock split will be consummated. Following the consummation of the reverse stock split, Greystone intends to terminate the public registration of its Common Stock under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, meaning that Greystone would no longer be required to file periodic reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Further, Greystone’s common stock would no longer be eligible to trade on the OTCQB marketplace. There can be no assurance that Greystone's common stock will trade at or above any particular price in the public market, if at all.  The trading price of Greystone's common stock could be subject to significant fluctuations in response to variations in quarterly operating results or even mild expressions of interest on a given day.  Accordingly, Greystone's common stock should be expected to experience substantial price changes in short periods of time.  Even if Greystone is performing according to its plan and there is no legitimate company-specific financial basis for this volatility, it must still be expected that substantial percentage price swings will occur in Greystone's common stock for the foreseeable future.  In addition, the limited market for Greystone's common stock may restrict Greystone's shareholders ability to liquidate their shares.
 
- 10 -

 
Greystone does not expect to declare or pay any dividends in the foreseeable future.

Greystone has not declared or paid any dividends on its common stock.  Greystone currently intends to retain future earnings to fund the development and growth of its business, to repay indebtedness and for general corporate purposes, and, therefore, does not anticipate paying any cash dividends on its common stock in the foreseeable future.   In addition, pursuant to the terms and conditions of certain loan documentation with F&M Bank and the terms and conditions of Greystone's 2003 preferred stock, Greystone is restricted in its ability to pay dividends to holders of its common stock.
 
Greystone's common stock may be subject to secondary trading restrictions related to penny stocks.

Certain transactions involving the purchase or sale of Greystone's common stock may be affected by a Commission rule for "penny stocks" that imposes additional sales practice burdens and requirements upon broker-dealers that purchase or sell such securities.  For transactions covered by this penny stock rule, among other things, broker-dealers must make certain disclosures to purchasers prior to the purchase or sale.  Consequently, the penny stock rule may impede the ability of broker-dealers to purchase or sell Greystone's common stock for their customers and the ability of persons now owning or subsequently acquiring Greystone's common stock to resell such securities.

Greystone may issue additional equity securities, which would lead to further dilution of Greystone's issued and outstanding stock.

The issuance of additional common stock or securities convertible into common stock would result in further dilution of the ownership interest in Greystone held by existing shareholders.  Greystone is authorized to issue, without shareholder approval, 20,700,000 shares of preferred stock, $0.0001 par value per share, in one or more series, which may give other shareholders dividend, conversion, voting and liquidation rights, among other rights, which may be superior to the rights of holders of Greystone's common stock.  In addition, Greystone is authorized to issue, without shareholder approval, over 4,960,000,000 additional shares of its common stock and securities convertible into common stock.

Recent Developments

On June 18, 2013, Greystone filed a Schedule 13E-3, File No. 005-59735 (the "Schedule 13E-3"), and a Preliminary Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A, File No. 000-26331 (the "Preliminary Proxy Statement"), each relating to a Special Meeting of the Shareholders Greystone to be held on August 2, 2013. The sole matter that was to be voted upon at that Special Meeting of the Shareholders was to approve an amendment to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, which would have authorized a one for ten thousand (1-10,000) reverse stock split of Greystone’s Common Stock and a cash payment per share for resulting fractional shares equal to $0.50.

Greystone decided to delay the date of the Special Meeting of Shareholders until such later time as Greystone can amend the Schedule 13E-3 and the Preliminary Proxy Statement to (i) respond to comments received by Greystone from the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), (ii) incorporate into the Preliminary Proxy Statement by reference this Annual Report on Form 10-K, (iii) attach as an exhibit to the Preliminary Proxy Statement this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and (iv) set a new record date and a new special meeting date for the Special Meeting of Shareholders.

Greystone intends to file such amendments to the Schedule 13E-3 and Preliminary Proxy Statement shortly after filing this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  A new record date and date for the Special Meeting of Shareholders will be set forth therein.  Greystone anticipates that the new date for the Special Meeting of Shareholders will be sometime in the fourth calendar quarter of 2013.

Results of Operations

General

The consolidated financial statements include Greystone and its two wholly-owned subsidiaries, Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C., or GSM, and Plastic Pallet Production, Inc., or PPP, and the two following variable interest entities: Greystone Real Estate, L.L.C. (“GRE”) and, for the first quarter of fiscal year 2012, GLOG Investment, L.L.C. (“GLOG”).  GLOG was terminated effective September 1, 2011 and its assets distributed to its members.

Greystone's primary business is the manufacturing of plastic pallets utilizing recycled plastic and selling the pallets through one of its wholly owned subsidiaries, GSM.  In addition, GSM recycles plastics by grinding, pelletizing and selling the recycled resin.

 
- 11 -

 
As of May 31, 2013, Greystone had 87 full-time employees and used temporary personnel as needed.  Greystone's in-house production capacity for its medium and heavy-duty pallets is about 70,000 plastic pallets per month, or 840,000 per year and about 20,000 per month, or 240,000 per year, for its lightweight nestable pallets.  Production levels have generally been governed by sales and will increase as sales dictate.

Prior to fiscal year 2008, Greystone incurred significant losses from operations. For fiscal years 2008 through 2010, 2012 and 2013, Greystone produced positive net income and cash flows from operations. For fiscal year 2011, Greystone had positive income from operations and cash flows from operations but incurred a net loss after deductions for interest expense.  At May 31, 2013, Greystone remains highly leveraged and there is no assurance that Greystone will continue to achieve operating profitability.  See "Liquidity and Capital Resources" under this Item 7.

From Greystone’s inception through fiscal year May 31, 2007, Greystone incurred substantial net operating losses which would normally reflect a tax benefit in the statement of operations and a deferred asset on the balance sheet.  A valuation reserve has been established to offset the amount of any tax benefit available for each period presented in the consolidated statement of operations. Beginning with fiscal year 2008 through fiscal year 2010 and for fiscal year 2012, Greystone has shown profitability.  Based on management’s expectation for fiscal year 2014 and beyond, management has determined that the valuation reserve should be reduced to allow for the estimated tax benefits through fiscal year 2016 from utilization of net operating loss carryforwards. However, management will continue to evaluate the extent that the valuation reserve is needed.  Factors that management will consider, among others, are continued diversity in Greystone’s customer base and stability in its sales volumes.

Year Ended May 31, 2013 Compared to Year Ended May 31, 2012

Sales
Sales were $24,085,184 for fiscal year 2013 compared to $24,157,590 for fiscal year 2012 for a decrease of $72,406.  Pallet sales were $21,766,939 in fiscal year 2013 compared to $20,371,150 in fiscal year 2012 for an increase of $1,395,789 while sales of pelletized-recycled plastic decreased $1,468,195 from $3,786,440 in fiscal year 2012 to $2,318,245 in fiscal year 2013. The decline in sales of pelletized-recycled plastic is attributable to market conditions that have prevented Greystone from realizing an acceptable profit margin in the relationship of sales to the cost of purchasing and pelletizing raw materials.

Pallet sales to Greystone’s major customer were approximately 63% of total sales in fiscal year 2013 compared to 59% in fiscal year 2012.
 
Cost of Sales
Cost of sales was $18,828,452 (78% of sales) and $19,227,739 (80% of sales) in fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively. The decrease in the ratio of cost of sales to sales in fiscal year 2013 over fiscal year 2012 was primarily due to the increased relationship of pallet sales to total sales (90% in fiscal year 2013 compared to 84% in fiscal year 2012).  The cost of sales for pelletized-recycled plastic resin was approximately 117% of resin sales for fiscal year 2013 compared to approximately 119% of resin sales for fiscal year 2012.

Prior to February 1, 2013, Greystone provided the labor and overhead to operate the pelletizing of resin and Yorktown provided the equipment. Yorktown received 40% of the gross profit before labor and overhead. Yorktown received $80,000 and $72,000 in fiscal year 2013 and 2012, respectively, for its share of gross profits.  Effective February 1, 2013, the arrangement whereby Yorktown received 40% of gross profit was terminated and Yorktown agreed to receive $0.02 per pound of material processed into pellets.

General, Selling and Administrative Expenses
General, selling and administrative expense was $2,189,125 for fiscal year 2013 compared to $1,992,679 for fiscal year 2012 for an increase of $196,446 or 10%.  The increase in fiscal year 2013 over fiscal year 2012 is primarily due to an increase in bad debt expense of $98,971 and an increase in stock compensation costs of $53,424.  There were no stock compensation costs in fiscal year 2012.

Other Income (Expense)
Other income (expense) was income of $6,500 in fiscal year 2013 compared to a net expense of $133,409 in fiscal year 2012.  Other expense in fiscal year 2012 includes a $131,500 loss due to the write down of an asset held for resale to net realizable value.

Interest Expense
Interest expense was $828,897 in fiscal year 2013 compared to $897,113 in fiscal year 2012 for a decrease of $68,216.  Interest expense for fiscal year 2012 included the interest expense of $45,150 for GLOG Investments, L.L.C. (“GLOG”), a variable interest entity, which was included in the consolidation of Greystone’s financial statements through August 31, 2012 when it was liquidated and deconsolidated.

 
- 12 -

 
Preferred Dividends
Preferred dividends were $326,781 and $242,192 for fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively, for an increase of $84,590.  During the period from June 1, 2012 through August 31, 2012, GLOG, a variable interest entity which owned Greystone’s Series 2003 Preferred Stock, was consolidated with Greystone which resulted in GLOG’s preferred dividend income being eliminated against Greystone’s preferred dividend accrued expense. Effective August 31, 2012, GLOG was liquidated and removed from the consolidation of Greystone thereby reinstating the preferred dividend accrued expense for the period from September 1, 2012 through May 31, 2013.

Net Income Attributable to Common Stockholders
After deducting preferred dividends and income attributable to non-controlling interests, the net income attributable to common stockholders was $2,264,877, or $0.09 per share, in fiscal year 2013 compared to $2,103,268, or $0.08 per share, in fiscal year 2012 for the reasons discussed above.
 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

General

 A summary of Greystone’s cash flows for the year ended May 31, 2013 is as follows:

Cash provided by operating activities
 
$
2,085,666
 
Cash used in investing activities
   
(620,898
)
Cash used in financing activities
   
(1,292,272
)

Long-term debt obligations of Greystone as of May 31, 2013 are as follows:
 
Total
   
1 year
   
2-3 years
   
4-5 years
   
Over 5 years
 
$
11,002,180
   
$
1,344,160
   
$
9,626,409
   
$
31,611
   
$
 

Greystone had a deficit working capital of $(2,652,545) at May 31, 2013. Exclusion of the May 31, 2013 accrual for preferred dividends of $1,883,959, for which payments are restricted under the F&M Bank & Trust loan agreement dated March 4, 2005 as discussed herein under the caption “Loans from F&M Bank & Trust Company,” would reduce the working capital deficit to $(768,586).

Greystone’s long-term debt obligations include two notes with F&M Bank & Trust Company which mature on March 13, 2015 with a final payment of $2,985,452 and on February 13, 2016 with a final payment of $2,616,755 as well as two notes to Warren Kruger, President and CEO, and Robert Rosene, a member of Greystone’s board, maturing on January 15, 2015 totaling $2,593,716.  To provide for the funding to meet Greystone's operating activities and contractual obligations as of May 31, 2013, Greystone will have to continue to produce positive operating results or explore various options including long-term debt and equity financing.  However, there is no guarantee that Greystone will continue to create positive operating results or be able to raise sufficient capital to meet these obligations.
 
As described below, substantially all of the financing that Greystone has received through May 31, 2013 has been provided by loans or through loan guarantees from the officers and directors of Greystone, the offerings of preferred stock to current and former officers and directors of Greystone in 2001 and 2003 and through a private placement of common stock completed in March 2005.

Greystone continues to be dependent upon its officers and directors to provide and/or secure additional financing and there is no assurance that either will do so.  As such, there is no assurance that funding will be available for Greystone to continue operations.

Greystone has 50,000 outstanding shares of cumulative 2003 Preferred Stock for a total of $5,000,000 with a preferred dividend rate at the prime rate of interest plus 3.25%.  Greystone does not anticipate that it will make cash dividend payments to any holders of its preferred stock or its common stock unless and until the financial position of Greystone improves through increased revenues, another financing or otherwise.  Further, Greystone is restricted from making dividend distributions pursuant to its loan agreement dated March 4, 2005, as discussed herein under the caption “Loans from F&M Bank & Trust Company.”
 
 
- 13 -

 
Transactions with Warren Kruger and Related Entities

Effective December 15, 2005, Greystone entered into a loan agreement with Warren Kruger to convert $527,716 of advances due him into a note payable at 7.5% interest and Mr. Kruger has waived payment of interest and principal thereon until January 15, 2015. Greystone accrues interest on advances, accrued interest and the note payable to Mr. Kruger at the rate of 7.5% per year.  Interest accrued in fiscal years 2013 and 2012 was $140,487 and $137,543, respectively. At May 31, 2013, a note payable of $527,716, advances of $476,680 and accrued interest of $839,886 were due to Mr. Kruger or to entities owned or controlled by him.
 
As discussed in “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence – Transactions with Related Persons,” Greystone (acting through GSM) and Yorktown have several agreements with respect to the purchase of raw materials, sales of pelletized resin, billings for payroll and other costs incurred on behalf of Yorktown and rents due to Yorktown. Greystone pays advances in recognition of the amounts owed pursuant to the aforementioned agreements. As a result of these transactions and other non-interest bearing advances, Yorktown owes Greystone $3,477,907 as of May 31, 2013.
 
Mr. Kruger has agreed that, as necessary, the amounts due Greystone of $3,477,907 should be offset against the amounts that Greystone owes him or Yorktown.  At May 31, 2013, the offset against the net advances is the combined total of (i) the accrued interest of $839,886 payable to Mr. Kruger, (ii) advances payable to Mr. Kruger of $476,680, (iii) an account payable of $794,411 for deferred compensation payable to Mr. Kruger and (iv) preferred dividends of $1,366,930 which have been accrued for the benefit of Mr. Kruger. 
 
Loans from F&M Bank & Trust Company

Greystone, GSM, GRE, Warren F. Kruger, President and CEO, and Robert B. Rosene, Jr., a director, are parties to a loan agreement dated as of March 4, 2005, as amended (the “Loan Agreement”), with F&M Bank & Trust Company (“F&M”).  The Loan Agreement (a) includes cross-collateralization and cross-default provisions among property and debts of GSM and GRE, an entity owned by Messrs. Kruger and Rosene, and Messrs. Kruger and Rosene, as owners of Greystone’s Series 2003 Preferred Stock (debt in the amount of approximately $3,300,000 owed by Messrs. Kruger and Rosene to F&M is collateralized by the preferred stock), (b) contains certain financial covenants, and (c) restricts the payments of dividends. Greystone’s note payable to F&M is secured by Greystone’s cash, accounts receivable, inventory and equipment.  Also, pursuant to the terms of a guaranty agreement, Greystone guaranteed GSM's performance and payment under the notes.  In addition, in order to induce F&M to enter into the F&M Loan Agreement, Messrs. Kruger and Rosene entered into a limited guaranty agreement with F&M.

On March 1, 2013, F&M and GSM entered into a Fourth Amendment (the “Fourth Amendment”) to the Loan Agreement.  The Fourth Amendment (a) had an effective date of February 28, 2013, (b) extended the maturity date of the loan from F&M to GSM under the Loan Agreement (the “Loan”) to March 13, 2015, and (c) increased the amount of the Loan by $250,000.  In connection with the execution of the Fourth Amendment, (y) Greystone ratified its existing guaranty of GSM’s obligations under the Loan Agreement, and (z) GSM executed a promissory note in favor of F&M, whereby GSM promises to repay the Loan.

Advances and Loans from Robert Rosene

Effective December 15, 2005, Greystone entered into a loan agreement with Mr. Rosene to convert $2,066,000 of advances into a note payable at 7.5% interest. Mr. Rosene has waived payment of principal until January 15, 2015.  Greystone has accrued interest on the loans in the amounts of $265,440 and $244,402 in fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively. Accrued interest due to Mr. Rosene at May 31, 2013 is $1,551,154.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
Greystone does not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

Item 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Not applicable.
 

Item 8.       Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
 
The consolidated financial statements of Greystone are set forth on pages F-1 through F-18 inclusive, found at the end of this report.
 

Item 9.       Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

None.
 
- 14 -

 
Item 9A.    Controls and Procedures.

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by Greystone in reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms.  Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including the principal executive and financial officers, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures.  Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives.

As of May 31, 2013, an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of Greystone’s principal executive officer (CEO) and principal financial officer (CFO) of the effectiveness of the design and operation of Greystone’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to the Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e).  Based on this evaluation, Greystone’s CEO and CFO have concluded that Greystone’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of May 31, 2013 as a result of the two material weaknesses identified below.

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Greystone’s CEO and CFO are responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act.  Greystone’s internal controls were designed to provide reasonable assurance as to the reliability of Greystone’s financial reporting and the preparation of the consolidated financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, as well as to safeguard assets from unauthorized use or disposition.

Due to inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of control effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that the controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Greystone’s CEO and CFO made an assessment of the effectiveness of Greystone’s internal control over financial reporting as of May 31, 2013.  In making this assessment, Greystone’s CEO and CFO used the criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).   During this evaluation, Greystone’s CEO and CFO identified two material weaknesses.  As a result of these two material weaknesses, Greystone’s CEO and CFO concluded that Greystone did not maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as of May 31, 2013.  The material weaknesses are as follows:

(i)  
Greystone lacks the necessary corporate accounting resources to maintain adequate segregation of duties. Reliance on these limited resources impairs Greystone’s ability to provide for proper segregation of duties and the ability to ensure consistently complete and accurate financial reporting, as well as disclosure controls and procedures.

(ii)  
Greystone, at the parent entity level, has limited resources to ensure that necessary internal controls are implemented and followed throughout the company, including its subsidiaries. Because of this limitation with respect to the ability to allocate sufficient resources to internal controls, material misstatements could occur and remain undetected, implementation of new accounting standards could be hindered and risk assessment and monitoring may not be addressed in a timely manner.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

During the period covered by this report, there was no change in Greystone’s internal controls over financial reporting that has materially affected or that is reasonably likely to materially affect Greystone’s internal control over financial reporting.
 

Item 9B.   Other Information.

None.


 
- 15 -

 
PART III.

Item 10.    Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

Directors, Executive Officers, Promoters and Control Persons

The following lists the directors and executive officers of Greystone and a significant employee of Greystone.  Directors of Greystone are elected at annual meetings of shareholders unless appointed by the Board of Directors to fill a vacancy upon the resignation or removal of a member or an increase in the number of members of the Board of Directors.  Executive officers serve at the pleasure of the Board of Directors.
 
Name
 
Position
 
Term as Director
Expires
Warren F. Kruger
 
President, Chief Executive Officer and Director
 
2013
Larry LeBarre
 
Director
 
2013
Robert B. Rosene, Jr.
 
Director
 
2013
William W. Rahhal
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
N/A

Warren F. Kruger, President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Mr. Warren F. Kruger, Manager/CEO of privately held Yorktown Management & Financial Services, L.L.C., is 57 years old.  Yorktown Management is involved in investment banking, real estate, manufacturing and energy endeavors.  Mr. Kruger earned a Bachelor of Business Administration degree from the University of Oklahoma, and an Executive M.B.A. from Southern Methodist University.  Mr. Kruger has over thirty years experience in the financial services industry.  In 1980, Mr. Kruger co-founded MCM Group, Ltd., which owned and controlled United Bank Club Association, Inc. until 1996 when the firm was sold to a subsidiary of Cendant Corp. (CD-NYSE).  He also owned and operated Century Ice, a manufacturer and distributor of ice products from 1996 to 1997, when Packaged Ice, Inc., acquired Century Ice in an industry rollup.  Mr. Kruger is a partner with William W. Pritchard in privately held WCC, with investments in oil and gas, real estate and investment banking.

Mr. Kruger became a director of Greystone on January 4, 2002, served as President and Chief Executive Officer from January 10, 2003 to August 15, 2005 and, most recently, has served as President and Chief Executive Officer from November 18, 2006 to the present.

Mr. Kruger’s business experience and knowledge of the day to day operations of Greystone make him well suited to serve on Greystone’s board of directors.

Mr. Larry J. LeBarre, Director

Mr. LeBarre, age 57, is President and CEO of privately-held Native American Marketing (“Native American”).  Native American was founded by Mr. LeBarre in 2004 as an oil transportation, storage, and marketing business.  Mr. LeBarre earned a Bachelor of Business Administration degree from the University of Oklahoma, became a Certified Public Accountant while working for Price Waterhouse & Co. (now PriceWaterhouseCoopers, LLP) and continued his career in the hazardous waste industry and later with Plains Resources.  Mr. LeBarre is also actively involved in investment banking, real estate, and oil and gas investments. Mr. LeBarre became a director of Greystone effective May 5, 2012.
 
Mr. LeBarre’s business experience makes him qualified to serve as a member of Greystone’s board of directors.

Mr. Robert B. Rosene, Jr., Director

Mr. Rosene, age 59, is Chairman of Seminole Energy Services, L.L.C., a natural gas marketing and gathering company that he co-founded in 1998.  Also in 1998, Mr. Rosene co-founded Summit Exploration, L.L.C., an oil and gas production company that holds oil and gas production in several states.  Mr. Rosene has served as a director of publicly traded Syntroleum Corporation since 1985. Mr. Rosene has a B.A. with an emphasis in accounting from Oklahoma Baptist University.

Mr. Rosene’s business experience and longstanding relationship with Greystone make him a good fit as a member of Greystone’s board of directors.

Mr. Rosene became a director of Greystone effective June 14, 2004.

William W. Rahhal, Chief Financial Officer

Mr. Rahhal, age 72, is a partner of Rahhal Henderson Johnson, PLLC, Certified Public Accountants, in Ardmore, Oklahoma, and served as managing partner of such accounting firm from 1988 to 2010.  Mr. Rahhal previously served as Greystone’s Chief Financial Officer from October 1, 2002 to October 1, 2004 and subsequently served Greystone as an accounting and financial consultant until his appointment as its Interim Chief Financial Officer.  Mr. Rahhal earned his B.B.A. from the University of Oklahoma and is a Certified Public Accountant licensed in Oklahoma and Texas.   Mr. Rahhal has also previously served as a Senior Manager with Price Waterhouse & Co. (now PriceWaterhouseCoopers, LLP) and as financial manager of a privately-held oil and gas production company and contract drilling company.  

 
- 16 -

 
Identification of the Audit Committee; Audit Committee Financial Expert

As of May 31, 2013, Greystone had not established an audit committee and the entire Board of Directors essentially serves as Greystone's audit committee.

Code of Ethics

Effective April 8, 2008, Greystone adopted a Code of Ethics applicable to Greystone's officers and directors, including Greystone’s principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or persons performing similar functions. Greystone undertakes to provide any person without charge, upon request, a copy of such Code of Ethics.  Requests may be directed to Greystone Logistics, Inc., 1613 East 15th Street, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74120, or by calling (918) 583-7441.

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 requires Greystone's directors, officers and persons who beneficially own more than 10% of any class of Greystone's equity securities registered under Section 12 to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission initial reports of ownership and reports of changes in ownership of such registered securities of Greystone.  Officers, directors and greater than 10% beneficial owners are required by regulation to furnish to Greystone copies of all Section 16(a) reports they file.

Based solely on review of the copies of such reports furnished to Greystone and any written representations that no other reports were required during fiscal year 2013, to Greystone's knowledge, all Section 16(a) filing requirements applicable to its officers, directors and greater than 10% beneficial owners during fiscal year 2013 were complied with on a timely basis, except as follows:
                                                                                                                               
Name 
 
Number of 
Late Reports 
 
Number of
Reports Not
Reported on a
Timely Basis 
 
Number of
Reports
Not Filed
Warren F. Kruger
 
3
 
3
 
0
Larry J. LeBarre
 
2
 
2
 
0
Robert B. Rosene, Jr.
 
1
 
1
 
0
William W. Rahhal
 
3
 
3
 
0

 
Item 11.   Executive Compensation.

The following table sets forth the compensation paid to named executive officers during the fiscal years ended May 31, 2013 and 2012:

Summary Compensation Table
 
Name and
Principal Position
 
Fiscal Year
Ending May 31,
 
Salary
 
Bonus
 
Option
Awards(1)
 
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Earnings(2)
 
 
 
Total
                       
Warren F. Kruger,    
President and Chief
Executive Officer
 
2013
2012
 
 
$240,000
$120,500
 
$29,000
$25,000
 
 
$50,880
$         -
 
 $           -
$120,000
 
$319,880
$290,500
 
William W. Rahhal,
Chief Financial Officer
 
 
 
2013
2012
 
 
 
$65,000
$66,000
 
 
 
$10,000
$ 7,500
 
 
$25,440
$        -
 
 
$          -
$          -
 
$100,440
$  73,500
(1)  Effective June 1, 2012, Greystone awarded Mr. Kruger options to purchase 500,000 shares of common stock and Mr. Rahhal options to purchase 250,000 shares of common stock. The awards are valued at the grant date fair value computed in accordance with ASC 718, "Stock Compensation." The assumptions used to value the awards are included in Note 9 to Greystone’s consolidated financial statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

(2)  Mr. Kruger voluntarily elected to forgo half of his salary beginning in fiscal year 2006.  Effective June 1, 2012, Mr. Kruger began receiving full salary. The deferred amounts will be paid or applied against amounts owed by Mr. Kruger to Greystone at such time as agreed between Mr. Kruger and Greystone.
 

 
- 17 -

 
The following table provides information with respect to named executive officers concerning outstanding equity awards as of May 31, 2013:

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End
 
Name and
Principal Position
 
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised
Options –
Exercisable
 
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Options –
Unexercisable
 
Option
Exercise
Price
 
Option
Expiration
Date
 
Warren F. Kruger,
President and Chief Executive Officer
 
 
 175,000
125,000
 
 
-0-
375,000(a)
 
 
$0.40
$0.12
 
 
2/28/2014
5/31/2022
                 
William W. Rahhal,
Chief Financial Officer
 
62,500
 
187,500(a)
 
$0.12
 
2/28/2022
                 
Larry LeBarre,
Member of Board of Directors
 
50,000
 
150,000(a)
 
$0.12
 
5/31/2022
                 
Robert B. Rosene, Jr., Member of Board of Directors
 
50,000
87,500
 
-0-
262,500(a)
 
$0.40
$0.12
 
2/28/2014
5/31/2022
                 
(a)  
The options become exercisable at the rate of 25% of the original grant of shares subject to the option on May 31, 2014 through May 31, 2016.

Directors’ and Officers’ Compensation

Greystone does not pay cash compensation to the members of its Board of Directors for services on the Board.  From time to time in the past, Greystone has granted options to the members of its Board of Directors under its stock option plan as compensation for serving on Greystone's Board of Directors.  

Because the Board of Directors consists of three persons of which two are outside directors, the Board has not considered it necessary to create a compensation committee.  All of Greystone’s directors participate in determining compensation for officers.
 
Compensation Program as it Relates to Risk    

We have reviewed our compensation policies and practices for both executives and non-executives as they relate to risk and have determined that at this time they are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on us.

Amended and Restated Stock Option Plan

General. Greystone’s Amended and Rested Stock Option Plan (the “Stock Plan”) is administered by the Board of Directors of Greystone or, if the Board so authorizes, by a committee of the Board of Directors consisting of not less than two members of the Board of Directors. The Stock Plan is presently administered by the entire Board of Directors since no separate committee of the Board has been designated to administer the Stock Plan.  Accordingly, many of the references below in this description of the Stock Plan to the Board of Directors could also be construed to be a committee thereof.  All managerial and other key employees of Greystone and/or its subsidiaries who hold positions of significant responsibility or whose performance or potential contribution, in the judgment of the Board of Directors, will benefit the future success of Greystone are eligible to receive grants under the Stock Plan. In addition, each director of Greystone who is not an employee of Greystone is eligible to receive certain option grants pursuant to provisions of the Stock Plan.   Previously, the Stock Plan was set to expire on May 11, 2011 and the maximum number of shares of common stock in respect of which options could be granted under the Stock Plan was 2,000,000.  However, on May 5, 2012, the Board of Directors voted to cause the Stock Plan to be extended for another 10 years and to increase the number of shares of common stock in respect of which options could be granted to 2,500,000.  This number is subject to appropriate equitable adjustment in the event of a reorganization, stock split or stock dividend or other similar change affecting Greystone’s common stock.

Price and Terms. Each option is evidenced by an agreement between Greystone and the optionee.  Unless otherwise determined by the Board of Directors at the time of grant, all options become exercisable at the rate of 25% of the total shares subject to the option on each of the first four anniversary dates of the date of grant, provided that the Board of Directors may, at any time, accelerate the date any outstanding option becomes exercisable. The exercise price for each share placed under option pursuant to the Stock Plan is determined by the Board of Directors but cannot in any event be less than 100% of the fair market value of such share on the date the option was granted.
 
- 18 -

 
Effect of Termination or Death. If an optionee’s employment with Greystone is terminated for any reason other than death or termination for cause, an option will be exercisable for a period of three months after the date of termination of employment as to all then vested portions of the option. In addition, the Board of Directors may, in its sole discretion, approve acceleration of the vesting of any unvested portions of the option. If an optionee’s employment with Greystone is terminated for cause (as defined in the Stock Plan), the option shall terminate as of the date of such termination of employment, and the optionee shall have no further rights to exercise any portion of the option.  If an optionee dies while employed by Greystone, any unvested portion of the option as of the date of death shall be vested as of the date of death, and the option shall be exercisable in full by the heirs or legal representatives of the optionee for a period of 12 months following the date of death. In any event, options terminate and are no longer exercisable after 10 years from the date of the grant.
 
Continued Service as a Director.  In the event any optionee who is an employee and also a director of Greystone ceases to be employed by Greystone but continues to serve as a director of Greystone, the Board of Directors may determine that all or a portion of such optionee’s options shall not expire three months following the date of employment as described above, but instead shall continue in effect until the earlier of the date the optionee ceases to be a director of Greystone or the date the option otherwise expires according to its stated date of expiration. Termination of any such option in connection with the optionee’s termination of service as a director will be on terms similar to those described above in connection with termination of employment.

Grants to Non-Employee Directors.  In order to retain, motivate and reward non-employee directors of Greystone, the Stock Plan extends participation to non-employee directors on the terms and conditions described below.  The exercise price for options granted to non-employee directors is equal to 100% of the fair market value per share of common stock on the date the option is granted. As with options granted to employees, unless otherwise determined by the Board of Directors at the time of grant, all options granted to non-employee directors become exercisable at the rate of 25% of the total shares subject to the option on each of the first four anniversary dates of the date of grant. The Board of Directors is also entitled at any time to accelerate the date any outstanding option becomes exercisable. If a non-employee director’s service on the Board of Directors is terminated for any reason other than death or removal from the Board of Directors for cause, an option will be exercisable for a period of three months after the date of removal from the Board of Directors as to all then vested portions of the option.  If a non-employee director is removed from the Board of Directors for cause, the option will terminate as of the date of such removal, and the optionee shall have no further rights to exercise any portion of the option.  If a non-employee director optionee dies while serving on the Board of Directors, any unvested portion of the option as of the date of death shall be vested as of the date of death, and the option shall be exercisable in full by the heirs or legal representatives of the optionee for a period of 12 months following the date of death. In any event, options terminate and are no longer exercisable after 10 years from the date of the grant.

Other than as described above, all options granted to non-employee directors are subject to the same terms and conditions generally applicable to options granted to employees under the Stock Plan.
 
Exercise of Options. The exercise price of options may be paid in cash, by certified check, by tender of stock of Greystone (valued at fair market value on the date immediately preceding the date of exercise), by surrender of a portion of the option, or by a combination of such means of payment. The prior consent of the Board of Directors is required in connection with the payment of the exercise price of options by tender of shares or surrender of a portion of the option, except that the consent of the Board of Directors is not required if the exercise price is paid by surrender of shares that have been owned by the optionee for more than six months prior to the date of exercise of the option or by a combination of cash and shares that have been owned for more than six months.
 
Effect of Certain Corporate Transactions.   In the event of any change in capitalization affecting the common stock of Greystone, such as a stock dividend, stock split, recapitalization, merger, consolidation, split-up, combination or exchange of shares or other form of reorganization, liquidation, or any other change affecting the common stock, proportionate adjustments will be made with respect to the aggregate number and type of securities for which options may be granted under the Stock Plan, the number and type of securities covered by each outstanding option, and the exercise price of outstanding options so that optionees will be entitled upon exercise of options to receive the same number and kind of stock, securities, cash, property or other consideration that the optionee would have received in connection with the change in capitalization if such option had been exercised immediately preceding such change in capitalization.  The Board of Directors may also make such adjustments in the number of shares covered by, and the price or other value of any outstanding options in the event of a spin-off or other distribution, other than normal cash dividends, of company assets to shareholders. In addition, unless the Board of Directors expressly determines otherwise, in the event of a Change in Control (as defined in the Stock Plan) of Greystone, all outstanding options will become immediately and fully exercisable and optionees will be entitled to surrender, within 60 days following the Change in Control, unexercised options or portions of options in return for a cash payment equal to the difference between the aggregate exercise price of the surrendered options and the fair market value of the shares of common stock underlying the surrendered options.
 
 
 
- 19 -

 
Item 12.   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

As of May 31, 2013, Greystone had one equity incentive plan under which equity securities have been authorized for issuance to Greystone's directors, officers, employees and other persons who perform substantial services for or on behalf of Greystone.  The following table provides certain information relating to such stock option plan during the year ended May 31, 2013:
 
Equity Compensation Plan Information
 
 
(a)
(b)
(c)
 
 
 
 
Plan Category
Number of securities to be
issued upon exercise
of outstanding options,
warrants and rights
Weighted-average
exercise price of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
Number of securities remaining
available for future issuance
under equity compensation
plans (excluding securities
reflected in column (a))
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
2,450,000
$0.16
25,000
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
-0-
N/A
-0-
            Total
2,450,000
$0.16
25,000
 
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

As of August 26, 2013, Greystone had 26,111,201 shares of its common stock and 50,000 shares of its 2003 preferred stock outstanding.  Each share of the 2003 preferred stock is convertible into approximately 66.67 shares of Greystone's common stock.

The following table sets forth certain information regarding the shares of Greystone's common stock beneficially owned as of May 31, 2013, by (i) each person known by Greystone to own beneficially 5% or more of Greystone's outstanding common stock, (ii) each of Greystone's directors and named officers, and (iii) all of Greystone's directors and named officers as a group:
 
Name and Address of
Beneficial Owner
 
Shares of Common Stock
Beneficially Owned(1)
 
Percent of Class(2)
 
Shares of Senior Preferred Stock Beneficially
Owned(3)
 
Percent of Class
 
Voting Shares Beneficially Owned(4)
 
Percent of Total Voting Power
 
Warren F. Kruger
Chairman, President and CEO
1613 East 15th Street
Tulsa, OK 74120
 
 
 
8,579,783(5)
 
 
30.62%
 
 
25,000
 
 
50.00%
 
 
8,297,783
 
 
28.18%
William W. Rahhal
Chief Financial Officer
1613 East 15th Street
Tulsa, OK 74120
 
 
120,383(6)
 
  0.46%
 
-0-
 
-0-
 
57,883
 
0.20%
Robert B. Rosene, Jr.
Director
1323 E. 71st Street, Suite 300
Tulsa, OK 74136
 
 
4,623,218(7)
 
16.56%
 
25,000
 
50.00%
 
4,485,718
 
15.23%
Larry J. LeBarre
Director
7518 Middlewood Street
Houston, TX 77063
 
 
1,193,991(8)
 
  4.56%
 
-0-
 
-0-
 
1,143,991
 
3.89%
William Pritchard
1437 S. Boulder
Tulsa, OK 74119
 
 
1,545,003(9)
 
5.87%
 
-0-
 
-0-
 
1,332,503
 
4.53%
All Directors & Officers as a Group (4 persons)
 
14,535,375(10)
 
48.46%
 
50,000
 
100.00%
 
13,985,375
 
47.50%

 
- 20 -

 
(1)  
The number of shares beneficially owned by each holder is calculated in accordance with the rules of the Commission, which provide that each holder shall be deemed to be a beneficial owner of a security if that holder has the right to acquire beneficial ownership of the security within 60 days through options, warrants or the conversion of another security; provided, however, if such holder acquires any such rights in connection with or as a participant in any transaction with the effect of changing or influencing control of the issuer, then immediately upon such acquisition, the holder will be deemed to be the beneficial owner of the securities.  The number the shares of common stock beneficially owned by each holder includes common stock directly owned by such holder and the number of shares of common stock such holder has the right to acquire upon the conversion of the Senior Preferred Stock and/or upon the exercise of certain options or warrants

(2)  
The percentage ownership for each holder is calculated in accordance with the rules of the Commission, which provide that any shares a holder is deemed to beneficially own by virtue of having a right to acquire shares upon the conversion of warrants, options or other rights, or upon the conversion of preferred stock or other rights are considered outstanding solely for purposes of calculating such holder's percentage ownership.

(3)  
Each share of Senior Preferred Stock is convertible into approximately 66.67 shares of Greystone's common stock. Therefore, Mr. Kruger’s 25,000 shares of Senior Preferred Stock are convertible into 1,666,667 shares of our common stock and Mr. Rosene Jr.’s 25,000 shares of Senior Preferred Stock are convertible into 1,666,667 shares of our common stock.

(4)  
Total “Voting Shares” is defined as the number of shares of common stock outstanding, each share of which receives one vote, plus the 3,333.333.33 votes afforded to the holders of our Senior Preferred Stock, or 29,444,534.33 Voting Shares total. The number of Voting Shares reported by each reporting person above represents the number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by such reporting person plus the number of votes afforded to such reporting person as a holder of shares of Senior Preferred Stock, as applicable.

(5)  
The total includes: (i) 6,605,316 shares of common stock beneficially owned directly by Mr. Kruger; (ii) 19,000 shares held of record by Yorktown; (iii) 300,000 shares of common stock that Mr. Kruger directly has the right to acquire in connection with options; (iv) 6,800 shares of common stock that Mr. Kruger holds as custodian for minor children; and (v) 1,666,667 shares that Mr. Kruger has the right to acquire upon conversion of the Senior Preferred Stock.

(6)  
The total includes: (i) 57,883 shares of common stock that Mr. Rahhal which owns as a joint tenant and (ii) 62,500 shares of common stock that Mr. Rahhal has the right to acquire in connection with options.

(7)  
The total includes: (i) 2,770,951 shares of common stock beneficially owned directly by Mr. Rosene; (ii) 48,100 shares of common stock held of record by RMP Operating Co., (iii) 137,500 shares of common stock that Mr. Rosene has the right to acquire with options; and (iv) 1,666,667 shares that Mr. Rosene has the right to acquire upon conversion of the Senior Preferred Stock.

(8)  
The total includes 1,143,991 shares of common stock beneficially owned directly by Mr. LeBarre (ii) 50,000 shares of common stock that Mr. LeBarre has the right to acquire in connection with options.
 
 
(9)  
The total includes: (i) 1,200,929 shares of common stock beneficially owned directly by Mr. Pritchard; (ii) 131,574 shares held of record by Maritch Services, Inc. and (iii) 212,500 shares of common stock that Mr. Pritchard has the right to acquire with options.

 
(10)  
The director and officer group includes each reporting person in the above table other than Mr. Pritchard.  The total includes: (i) 10,652,041 shares of common stock; (ii) 550,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of vested stock options; (iii) 1,666,667 shares of common stock that Mr. Kruger has the right to acquire upon conversion of the Senior Preferred Stock; and (iv) 1,666,667 shares of common stock that Mr. Rosene has the right to acquire upon conversion of the Senior Preferred.
 
 
 
- 21 -

 
Item 13.    Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

Transactions with Related Persons

General

For information regarding loans from or to Warren Kruger, see “Transactions with Warren Kruger and Related Entities” under the heading “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in Item 7 of this Form10-K.

For information regarding an advance from Robert Rosene, see “Advances and Loans from Robert Rosene” under the heading "Liquidity and Capital Resources" in Item 7 of this Form10-K.

For information regarding the loan from F&M and Messrs. Kruger’s and Rosene’s relationship thereto, see “Loan from F&M Bank” in Item 7 of this Form 10-K.

Other Transactions

Yorktown Management & Financial Services, LLC (“Yorktown”), an entity wholly owned by Greystone’s CEO and President, owns the grinding equipment Greystone uses to grind raw material for Greystone’s pallet production. Through January 31, 2013, Yorktown paid for raw materials purchases and invoiced Greystone for its cost plus a grinding fee of $0.04 per pound. During the period from June 1, 2012 through January 31, 2013 and fiscal year 2012, GSM’s raw material purchases and grinding fees from Yorktown totaled approximately $3,623,000 and $3,911,000, respectively, pursuant to this arrangement.  This arrangement was terminated effective January 31, 2013.  Effective February 1, 2013, GSM purchased raw materials direct from unrelated third parties.  Further, effective February 1, 2013, in lieu of the $0.04 per pound grinding fee, GSM commenced paying a monthly fee of $97,500 subsequently adjusted to $119,167 per month effective May 1, 2013, a total of $411,667.
 
GSM also pays Yorktown for (i) use of certain pallet molds owned by Yorktown at the rate of $1.00 per pallet of which approximately $59,000 and 38,000 were paid in fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively, (ii) office rent at the rate of $1,500 per month and (iii) equipment used for heavy lifting of which $73,200 was paid in each of fiscal years 2013 and 2012.  The lease for the heavy-lifting equipment ended February 29, 2012 and the equipment continues to be leased on a month-to-month basis.

For the period from June 1, 2012 through January 31, 2013 and for fiscal year 2012, Yorktown and GSM had an agreement for purchase, processing and selling pelletized recycled plastic resin.  Yorktown purchased the raw material and provided the pelletizing equipment and GSM supplied the labor and operating overhead.  Upon shipment to customers, Yorktown invoiced GSM for the cost of the raw material. GSM invoiced customers recognizing revenue and accruing profit-sharing expense to Yorktown at 40% of the gross profit, defined as revenue less cost of material and sales commissions of 2.5%.  Yorktown’s profit share of the resin sales for fiscal years 2013 and 2012 was approximately $80,000 and $72,000, respectively. Effective January 31, 2013, this arrangement was terminated.  Effective February 1, 2013, the processing of pelletized material for resale was undertaken solely by GSM with Yorktown receiving a processing fee of $0.02 per pound for use of Yorktown’s pelletizing equipment.  Yorktown received $54,000 in processing fees for the period from February 1, 2013 through May 31, 2013. For additional information about this arrangement, see “Transactions with Warren Kruger and Related Entities” under the heading “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in Item 7 of this Form10-K.

Greystone also pays the labor and certain other costs on behalf of Yorktown’s Tulsa, Oklahoma grinding operation.  These costs are invoiced to Yorktown on a monthly basis.

Effective January 1, 2009, Greystone entered into a lease agreement with an entity owned by Mr. LeBarre to rent certain equipment to produce mid-duty pallets with a minimum monthly commitment of $25,000.  The lease was amended April 1, 2011 to provide for a three-year term through March 31, 2014.  Lease payments were $300,000 for each of fiscal years 2013 and 2012.

Director Independence

Greystone has determined that Messrs. LeBarre and Rosene are "independent" within the meaning of Rule 5605(a)(2) of the NASDAQ listing standards.  Because of the small size of Greystone’s Board of Directors, it has not established any committees.  Rather, the entire Board acts as, and performs the same functions as, the audit committee, compensation committee and nominating committee.  Mr. Kruger is not considered "independent" within the meaning of Rule 5605(a)(2) of the NASDAQ listing standards.
 
 
 
- 22 -

 
Item 14.   Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

The following is a summary of the fees billed to Greystone by HoganTaylor LLP, Greystone's independent registered public accounting firm, for professional services rendered for the fiscal years ended May 31, 2013 and May 31, 2012:
 
Fee Category
 
Fiscal 2013
Fees
   
Fiscal 2012
Fees
 
             
Audit Fees(1)
 
$
137,000
   
$
113,000
 
Audit-Related Fees
   
0
     
0
 
Tax Fees
   
0
     
0
 
All Other Fees
   
0
     
0
 
                 
Total Fees
 
$
137,000
   
$
           113,000
 
________________________
(1)Audit Fees consist of aggregate fees billed for professional services rendered for the audit of Greystone's annual consolidated financial statements and review of the interim consolidated financial statements included in quarterly reports or services that are normally provided by the independent registered public accounting firm in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements during the fiscal years ended May 31, 2013 and May 31, 2012, respectively.

The entire Board of Directors of Greystone is responsible for the appointment, compensation and oversight of the work of the independent registered public accounting firm and approves in advance any services to be performed by the independent registered public accounting firm, whether audit-related or not.  The entire Board of Directors reviews each proposed engagement to determine whether the provision of services is compatible with maintaining the independence of the independent registered public accounting firm.  All of the fees shown above were pre-approved by the entire Board of Directors.
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
- 23 -

 
PART IV

Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

(a)  
   (1)     Consolidated Financial Statements
 
The financial statements required under this item are included in Item 8 of Part II.

(2)     Schedules

None.

(3)     Exhibits

 
Exhibit No.
Description
 
 
2.1
Certificate of Ownership and Merger Merging PalWeb Corporation, a Delaware corporation, into PalWeb Oklahoma Corporation, an Oklahoma corporation, filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on May 2, 2002 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 2.1 of Greystone's Form 8-K12G3 dated May 2, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on May 24, 2002).
 
 
2.2
Certificate of Ownership and Merger Merging PalWeb Corporation, a Delaware corporation, into PalWeb Oklahoma Corporation, an Oklahoma corporation, filed with the Oklahoma Secretary of State on May 2, 2002 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 2.2 of Greystone's Form 8-K12G3 dated May 2, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on May 24, 2002).
 
 
3.1
Certificate of Incorporation of PalWeb Oklahoma Corporation filed with the Oklahoma Secretary of State on May 2, 2002 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of Greystone's Form 8-K12G3 dated May 2, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on May 24, 2002).
 
 
3.2
Bylaws of PalWeb Oklahoma Corporation as adopted on May 2, 2002 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of Greystone's Form 8-K12G3 dated May 2, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on May 24, 2002).
 
 
   4.1
Certificate of Incorporation of PalWeb Oklahoma Corporation filed with the Oklahoma Secretary of State on May 2, 2002 (included in Exhibit 3.1).
 
 
4.2
Certificate of the Designation, Preferences, Rights and Limitations of PalWeb Corporation's Series 2003 Cumulative Convertible Senior Preferred Stock (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of Greystone's Form 8-K dated September 8, 2003, which was filed with the SEC on September 23, 2003).
 
 
4.3
Certificate of Ownership and Merger Merging Greystone Logistics, Inc., into PalWeb Corporation filed with the Oklahoma Secretary of State on March 18, 2005 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of Greystone's Form 8-K dated March 18, 2005, which was filed with the SEC on March 24, 2005).
 
 
10.1**
Form of Indemnity Agreement between Members of the Board of Directors and PalWeb Corporation (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.30 of Greystone's Form 10-KSB for the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2002).
 
 
10.2**
Indemnity Agreement by and between The Union Group, Inc., and Cabec Energy Corp. dated August 31, 1998 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.6 of Amendment No. 3 to Greystone's Form 10-KSB, which was filed on May 2, 2000).
 
 
10.3**
Amended and Restated Stock Option Plan (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.32 of Greystone's Form 10-KSB for the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2002).
 
 
10.4**
Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.8 of Greystone's Form 10-KSB for the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2001, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2001).
 
 
10.5**
Form of Incentive Stock Option Agreement (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.9 of Greystone's Form 10-KSB for the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2001, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2001).
 
 
10.6**
Form of Nonemployee Director Stock Option Agreement (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.10 of Greystone's Form 10-KSB for the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2001, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2001).
 
   10.7 **
Form of Employee Director Incentive Stock Option Agreement (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.36 of Greystone's Form 10-KSB for the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2002).
10.8  
 
Loan Agreement dated March 4, 2005, by and among Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C., GLOG Investment, L.L.C., The F&M Bank & Trust Company and PalWeb Corporation (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of Greystone's Form 8-K dated March 4, 2005, which was filed with the SEC on March 10, 2005).
10.9   
2011 Amendment to Loan Agreement dated March 4, 2005 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Greystone’s Form 8-K/A filed on September 2, 2011).
10.10 
Second 2011 Amendment to Loan Agreement dated March 4, 2005 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to Greystone’s Form 8-K/A filed on September 2, 2011).
10.11 
Third Amendment to Loan Agreement dated March 5, 2005 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Greystone’s Form 10-Q for the period ended August 31, 2011, which was filed on October 24, 2011).
10.12 
Fourth Amendment to Loan Agreement dated March 4, 2005 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Greystone’s Form 8-K filed on March 12, 2013).
 
 
- 24 -

 
10.13
Security Agreement dated March 4, 2005, by and between Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C., and The F&M Bank & Trust Company (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.4 of Greystone's Form 8-K dated March 4, 2005, which was filed with the SEC on March 10, 2005).
10.14
Mortgage Agreement dated March 4, 2005, by and between Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C., and The F&M Bank & Trust Company (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.5 of Greystone's Form 8-K dated March 4, 2005, which was filed with the SEC on March 10, 2005).
10.15
Guaranty of PalWeb Corporation dated March 4, 2005 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.6 of Greystone's Form 8-K dated March 4, 2005, which was filed with the SEC on March 10, 2005).
10.16
 
Industrial Lease dated as of July 1, 2004, by and between Greystone Properties, LLC, and Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C. (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of Greystone's Form 10-QSB for the Quarterly Period Ended February 28, 2005, which was filed with the SEC on April 20, 2005).
 10.17 
Promissory Note dated as of December 15, 2005 in the amount of $2,066,000 issued by Greystone Logistics, Inc. and Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C. to Robert B. Rosene, Jr. (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of Greystone's Form 10-QSB for the Quarterly Period Ended November 30, 2005, which was filed with the SEC on January 17, 2006).
10.18
Promissory Note dated as of December 15, 2005 in the amount of $527,716 issued by Greystone Logistics, Inc. and Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C. to Warren F. Kruger, Jr. (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.3 of Greystone's Form 10-QSB for the Quarterly Period Ended November 30, 2005, which was filed with the SEC on January 17, 2006).
10.19
Security Agreement dated as of December 15, 2005 by and between Greystone Logistics, Inc. and Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C. and Robert B. Rosene, Jr. relating to Promissory Note in the amount of $2,066,000 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.5 of Greystone's Form 10-QSB for the Quarterly Period Ended November 30, 2005, which was filed with the SEC on January 17, 2006).
10.20
Security Agreement dated as of December 15, 2005 by and between Greystone Logistics, Inc. and Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C. and Warren F. Kruger, Jr. relating to Promissory Note in the amount of $527,716 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.6 of Greystone's Form 10-QSB for the Quarterly Period Ended November 30, 2005, which was filed with the SEC on January 17, 2006).
10.21
Yorktown Management & Financial Services, LLC Molds, Grinder, Ancillary Resin Handling Equipment, Bumper Contract, Raw Materials and Finished Goods Inventory Purchase Agreement and Bill of Sale dated as of February 7, 2007, by and between Greystone Logistics, Inc. and Yorktown Management & Financial Services, LLC (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of Greystone's Form 8-K dated February 7, 2007, which was filed with the SEC on February 27, 2007).
10.22
Pallet Molds Lease Agreement dated as of February 7, 2007, by and between Greystone Manufacturing, LLC and Yorktown Management & Financial Services, LLC (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of Greystone's Form 8-K dated February 7, 2007, which was filed with the SEC on February 27, 2007).
10.23
Real Property Sale and Lease Agreement between Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C. and Greystone Real Estate, L.L.C., dated January 18, 2011 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of Greystone’s Form 10-Q for the period ended February 28, 2011, which was filed on April 19, 2011).
10.24
Promissory Note dated February 28, 2012, executed by Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C. in favor of The F&M Bank & Trust Company (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to Greystone’s Form 8-K filed on March 12, 2013).
   10.25**
Amendment to Greystone’s Amended and Restated Stock Option Plan (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.25 to Greystone’s Form 10-K filed on September 14, 2012).
21.1
Subsidiaries of Greystone Logistics, Inc. (submitted herewith).
23.1
Consent of HoganTaylor LLP (submitted herewith).
31.1
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Item 601(b)(31) of Regulation S-K, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (submitted herewith).
31.2
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Item 601(b)(31) of Regulation S-K, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (submitted herewith).
32.1
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (submitted herewith).
32.2
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (submitted herewith).
101
Interactive data files pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T: (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets at May 31, 2013   and 2012, (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended May 31, 2013 and 2012, (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Changes in Deficit for the years ended May 31, 2013 and 2012, (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended May 31, 2013 and 2012, and (v) the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

**           Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement required to be filed as an exhibit to this report.
 
 
 
 
- 25 -

 
SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
GREYSTONE LOGISTICS, INC.
 
 
(Registrant)
 
     
       
Date: September 13, 2013
 
/s/ Warren F. Kruger
 
   
Warren F. Kruger
 
   
Director, President and Chief Executive Officer
 
       
 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

     
       
Date: September 13, 2013
 
/s/ Warren F. Kruger
 
   
Warren F. Kruger
 
   
Director, President and Chief Executive Officer
 
   
(Principal Executive Officer)
 

     
       
Date: September 13, 2013
 
/s/ Robert B. Rosene, Jr.
 
   
Robert B. Rosene, Jr., Director
 
       

     
       
Date: September 13, 2013
 
/s/ Larry J. LeBarre
 
   
Larry J. LeBarre, Director
 
       
 
     
       
Date: September 13, 2013
 
/s/ William W. Rahhal
 
   
William W. Rahhal, Chief Financial Officer
 
   
(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
- 26 -

 
Index to Financial Statements
 
 

 
CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF GREYSTONE LOGISTICS, INC.
 
 
 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
F-2
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets
F-3
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations
F-4
   
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Deficit
F-5
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
F-6
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
F-7
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
F-1

 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM



To the Stockholders of
Greystone Logistics, Inc.

We have audited the consolidated balance sheets of Greystone Logistics, Inc. and subsidiaries as of May 31, 2013 and 2012, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in deficit, and cash flows for the years then ended.  These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management.  Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement.  The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform an audit of its internal control over financial reporting.  Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting.  Accordingly, we express no such opinion.  An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Greystone Logistics, Inc. as of May 31, 2013 and 2012, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

/s/ HoganTaylor LLP


Tulsa, Oklahoma
September 13, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
F-2

 
Greystone Logistics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
   
May 31,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
Assets
           
Current Assets:
           
    Cash
  $ 366,896     $ 194,400  
    Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts
               
        of $100.000 and $50,000 for 2013 and 2012, respectively
    2,239,594       2,715,893  
    Inventory
    1,044,379       956,638  
    Prepaid expenses
    119,198       45,090  
Total Current Assets
    3,770,067       3,912,021  
                 
Property and Equipment, net of accumulated depreciation
    7,044,139       7,798,178  
                 
Deferred Tax Asset
    1,159,000       585,000  
                 
Other Assets
    71,371       86,454  
                 
Total Assets
  $ 12,044,577     $ 12,381,653  
                 
Liabilities and Deficit
               
Current Liabilities:
               
    Current portion of long-term debt
  $ 1,344,160     $ 1,286,312  
    Accounts payable and accrued expenses
    1,643,339       2,581,787  
    Accounts payable and accrued expenses - related parties
    1,551,154       1,285,714  
    Preferred dividends payable
    1,883,959       2,924,108  
Total Current Liabilities
    6,422,612       8,077,921  
                 
Long-Term Debt, net of current portion
    9,658,020       10,757,561  
                 
Deficit:
               
    Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, cumulative, 20,750,000
               
       shares authorized, 50,000 shares issued and outstanding,
               
       liquidation preference of $5,000,000
    5       5  
    Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 5,000,000,000 shares
               
       authorized, 26,111,201 shares issued and outstanding
    2,611       2,611  
    Additional paid-in capital
    53,142,717       53,089,293  
    Accumulated deficit
    (58,321,266 )     (60,586,143 )
         Total Greystone Stockholders' Deficit
    (5,175,933 )     (7,494,234 )
    Non-controlling interest
    1,139,878       1,040,405  
Total Deficit
    (4,036,055 )     (6,453,829 )
                 
Total Liabilities and Deficit
  $ 12,044,577     $ 12,381,653  
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 
 
F-3

 
Greystone Logistics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
 
   
For the Year Ended May 31,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
             
Sales
  $ 24,085,184     $ 24,157,590  
                 
Cost of Sales
    18,828,452       19,227,739  
                 
Gross Profit
    5,256,732       4,929,851  
                 
General, Selling and Administrative Expenses
    2,189,125       1,992,679  
                 
Operating Income
    3,067,607       2,937,172  
                 
Other Income (Expense):
               
    Other income (expense)
    6,500       (133,409 )
    Interest expense
    (828,897 )     (897,113 )
Total Other Expense, net
    (822,397 )     (1,030,522 )
                 
Income before Income Taxes
    2,245,210       1,906,650  
Benefit from Income Taxes
    548,000       585,000  
Net Income
    2,793,210       2,491,650  
                 
Income Attributable to Variable Interest Entities, net
    (201,552 )     (146,190 )
                 
Preferred Dividends
    (326,781 )     (242,192 )
                 
Net Income Attributable to Common Stockholders
  $ 2,264,877     $ 2,103,268  
                 
Income Per Share of Common Stock -
               
    Basic
  $ 0.09     $ 0.08  
    Diluted
  $ 0.08     $ 0.08  
                 
Weighted Average Shares of Common Stock Outstanding -
               
    Basic
    26,111,201       26,111,201  
    Diluted
    27,480,039       26,111,201  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


 
F-4

 
Greystone Logistics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Deficit
 
 
   
Preferred Stock
   
Common Stock
    Additional          
Total Greystone
   
Variable
   
 
 
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Paid-in Capital
   
Accumulated
Deficit
   
Stockholders'
Deficit
   
Interest
Entities
   
Total
Deficit
 
Balances, May 31, 2011
        $       26,111,201     $ 2,611     $ 48,089,298     $ (62,297,986 )   $ (14,206,077 )   $ 4,501,086     $ (9,704,991 )
                                                                         
Adjustment for deconsolidating variable interest entities
    50,000       5                   4,999,995       (391,425 )     4,608,575       (3,618,199 )     990,376  
                                                                         
Capital contributions
                                              75,000       75,000  
                                                                         
Cash distributions
                                              (63,672 )     (63,672 )
                                                                         
Preferred dividends
                                  (242,192 )     (242,192 )           (242,192 )
                                                                         
Net income
                                  2,345,460       2,345,460       146,190       2,491,650  
                                                                         
Balances, May 31, 2012
    50,000       5       26,111,201       2,611       53,089,293       (60,586,143 )     (7,494,234 )     1,040,405       (6,453,829 )
                                                                         
Stock based compensation
                            53,424             53,424             53,424  
                                                                         
Cash distributions
                                              (102,079 )     (102,079 )
                                                                         
Preferred dividends
                                  (326,781 )     (326,781 )           (326,781 )
                                                                         
Net income
                                  2,591,658       2,591,658       201,552       2,793,210  
                                                                         
Balances, May 31, 2013
    50,000     $ 5       26,111,201     $ 2,611     $ 53,142,717     $ (58,321,266 )   $ (5,175,933 )   $ 1,139,878     $ (4,036,055 )

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


 
F-5

 
Greystone Logistics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
 Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

   
For the Year Ended May 31,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
           
Net income
  $ 2,793,210     $ 2,491,650  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash
               
  provided by operating activities
               
     Depreciation and amortization
    1,387,987       1,165,795  
     Increase in deferred tax asset
    (574,000 )     (585,000 )
     Loss on disposition of equipment
          131,500  
     Stock based compensation
    53,424        
     Changes in accounts receivable
    (742,131 )     (919,284 )
     Changes in inventory
    (87,741 )     (413,081 )
     Changes in prepaid expenses
    (74,108 )     25,900  
     Changes in accounts payable and accrued expenses
    (673,008 )     321,709  
     Other
    2,033       (2,640 )
Net cash provided by operating activities
    2,085,666       2,216,549  
                 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
               
   Purchase of property and equipment
    (620,898 )     (801,960 )
                 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
               
   Payments on advances payable to related parties
    (148,500 )     (99,900 )
   Proceeds from long-term debt
    250,000        
   Payments on notes and advances payable
    (1,291,693 )     (1,301,037 )
   Capital contributions by variable interest entity
          75,000  
   Dividends paid by variable interest entity
    (102,079 )     (63,672 )
Net cash used in financing activities
    (1,292,272 )     (1,389,609 )
                 
Net Increase in Cash
    172,496       24,980  
Cash, beginning of year
    194,400       169,420  
                 
Cash, end of year
  $ 366,896     $ 194,400  
                 
Supplemental Information (Note 11)
               
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

 
 
F-6

 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
May 31, 2013 and 2012
 

Note 1.   SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Organization

Greystone Logistics, Inc. ("Greystone"), through its two wholly-owned subsidiaries, Greystone Manufacturing, LLC ("GSM") and Plastic Pallet Production, Inc. ("PPP"), is engaged in the manufacture and marketing of plastic pallets and pelletized recycled plastic resin.

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Greystone, its subsidiaries and entities required to be consolidated by the accounting guidance for variable interest entities (“VIE”).  All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

Greystone consolidates its VIEs, Greystone Real Estate, L.L.C. (“GRE”) and, until its liquidation effective August 31, 2011, GLOG Investment, L.L.C. (“GLOG”).  GRE is owned by Warren F. Kruger, President and CEO, and Robert B. Rosene, Jr., a member of Greystone’s board of directors.  GLOG was owned by Messrs. Kruger and Rosene prior to its dissolution.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of Greystone's financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires Greystone's management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in these financial statements and accompanying notes.  Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Greystone carries its accounts receivable at their face value less an allowance for doubtful accounts.  On a periodic basis, Greystone evaluates its accounts receivable and establishes an allowance for doubtful accounts based on a combination of specific customer circumstances and credit conditions and based on a history of collections. Based on periodic reviews of outstanding accounts receivable, Greystone writes off balances deemed to be uncollectible against the allowance for doubtful accounts.

Inventory

Inventory consists of finished pallets and raw materials and is stated at the lower of average cost or market value.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Greystone's property, plant and equipment is stated at cost.  Depreciation expense is computed on the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives, as follows:
 
 
 Plant buildings
 
39 years
 
 Production machinery and equipment
 
5-10 years
 
 Office equipment & furniture & fixtures
 
3-5 years
 
Upon sale, retirement or other disposal, the related costs and accumulated depreciation of items of property, plant or equipment are removed from the related accounts and any gain or loss is recognized.  When events or changes in circumstances indicate that assets may be impaired, an evaluation is performed comparing the estimated future undiscounted cash flows associated with the asset to the asset’s carrying amount. If the asset carrying amount exceeds the cash flows, a write-down to fair value is required.

Patents

Amortization expense for the costs incurred by Greystone to obtain the patents on the modular pallet system and accessories is computed on the straight-line method over the estimated life of 15 years.

 
F-7

 
Stock Options
 
The grant-date fair value of stock options and other equity-based compensation issued to employees is amortized on the straight-line basis over the vesting period of the award as compensation cost.  The fair value of new option grants is estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Black-Scholes option valuation model was developed for use in estimating the fair value of traded options, which have no vesting restrictions and are fully transferable. In addition, option valuation models require the input of highly subjective assumptions including the expected stock price volatility, dividend yields and expected holding periods.
 
Recognition of Revenues

Greystone’s sales agreements to customers other than its primary customer generally provide for risk of loss to pass to the customers upon shipment from Greystone’s plant in Bettendorf, Iowa.  Revenue is recognized for these customers at date of shipment.

Greystone’s agreement with its major customer provides that (1) risk of loss or damages for product in transit remain with Greystone or (2) product is subject to approval at the buyer’s premises.  Accordingly, Greystone recognizes revenue when product has been delivered to the customer’s sites and risk of loss has passed to the customer.

For sales to all customers, cost of goods sold is recognized when the related revenue is recognized.

Income Taxes

Greystone accounts for income taxes under the liability method, which requires recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns.  Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statements and tax bases of assets and liabilities and tax loss carryforwards using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse.

Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the earnings available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the year. In arriving at income available to common stockholders, preferred stock dividends are deducted from net income for the year. For fiscal years 2013 and 2012, convertible preferred stock and stock options are not considered as their effect is antidilutive.
 
The following securities were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share for the fiscal years ended May 31, 2013 and 2012 as their effect would have been antidilutive:

  
   
2013
     
2012
 
Options to purchase common stock
   
350,000
     
1,400,000
 
Convertible preferred stock
   
3,333,333
     
3,333,333
 
                 
     
3,683,333
     
          4,733,333
 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In July 2013, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2013-11, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists. ASU 2013-11 was issued to establish accounting and reporting standards for an unrecognized tax benefit. It requires that the unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, should be presented in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward, except to the extent a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward is not available at the reporting date under the tax law of the applicable jurisdiction to settle any additional income taxes that would result from the disallowance of a tax position or the tax law of the applicable jurisdiction does not require the entity to use, and the entity does not intend to use, the deferred tax asset for such purpose, the unrecognized tax benefit should be presented in the financial statements as a liability and should not be combined with deferred tax assets.  ASU 2013-11 is effective for Greystone in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2013, and is not expected to have a material impact on the Greystone’s consolidated financial position and results of operations.

Reclassifications

Certain fiscal year 2012 amounts have been reclassified to conform with the fiscal year 2013 presentations. These reclassifications had no impact on net income.

 
 
F-8

 
Note 2.  INVENTORY

Inventory consists of the following as of May 31:

   
2013
   
2012
 
Raw materials
 
$
750,819
   
$
593,225
 
Finished pallets
   
293,560
     
363,413
 
                 
Total Inventory
 
$
1,044,379
   
$
956,638
 
 

Note 3.  PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

A summary of the property, plant and equipment for Greystone is as follows, as of May 31:
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
Production machinery and equipment
 
$
10,717,493
   
$
10,121,006
 
Building and land
   
4,663,339
     
4,663,339
 
Leasehold improvements
   
203,034
     
188,124
 
Furniture and fixtures
   
171,093
     
161,592
 
     
15,754,959
     
15,134,061
 
                 
Less: Accumulated depreciation
   
(8,710,820
)
   
(7,335,883
)
                 
Net Property, Plant and Equipment
 
$
7,044,139
   
$
7,798,178
 


Production machinery and equipment includes equipment in the amount of $379,716 that had not been placed into service as of May 31, 2013.  Building and land are owned by a variable interest entity for which the net book value is $3,591,781 at May 31, 2013.

Depreciation expense for the years ended May 31, 2013 and 2012 is $1,374,937 and $1,148,916, respectively.

 
Note 4.  OTHER ASSETS

Other assets consist of the following as of May 31:

   
2013
   
2012
 
Patents
 
$
190,739
   
$
190,739
 
Debt issue costs
   
18,726
     
18,726
 
Accumulated amortization
   
(140,879
)
   
(127,829
)
Customer deposits
   
2,785
     
4,818
 
                 
Total Other Assets
 
$
71,371
   
$
86,454
 

Amortization of intangibles was $13,050 and $16,879 for 2013 and 2012, respectively.   Future amortization will be $14,465 per year for the next five fiscal years.
 

 
 
F-9

 
Note 5.  LONG-TERM DEBT

Long-term debt consists of the following as of May 31:
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
Note payable to F&M Bank & Trust Company,
           
prime rate of interest not less than 4.5%, due
           
March 13, 2015, monthly principal payments of
           
$76,561 plus interest
 
$
4,593,650
   
$
5, 226,665
 
                 
Note payable by variable interest entity to F&M
               
Bank & Trust Company, prime rate of interest
               
but not less than 4.75%, due February 13, 2016,
               
monthly installments of $35,512, secured by
               
buildings and land
   
3,366,108
     
3, 623,070
 
                 
Capitalized lease payable, due August 15, 2016,
               
5% interest, monthly payments of $10,625 plus
               
$0.50 per pallet for monthly sales in excess of 12,500
   
381,727
     
481,597
 
                 
Note payable to BancFirst, prime rate of interest
               
plus 1%
   
     
8,047
 
                 
Note payable to Robert Rosene, 7.5% interest,
               
due January 15, 2015
   
2,066,000
     
2,066,000
 
                 
Note payable to Warren Kruger, 7.5% interest,
               
due January 15, 2015
   
527,716
     
527,716
 
                 
Other notes payable
   
66,979
     
110,778
 
     
11,002,180
     
12, 043,873
 
Less: Current portion
   
(1,344,160
)
   
(1,286,312
)
                 
Long-term Debt
 
$
9,658,020
   
$
10,757,561
 


The prime rate of interest as of May 31, 2013 was 3.25%.
                                                                                         
Greystone, GSM, GRE, Warren F. Kruger, President and CEO, and Robert B. Rosene, Jr., a director, are parties to a loan agreement dated as of March 4, 2005, as amended (the “Loan Agreement”), with F&M Bank & Trust Company (“F&M”).  The Loan Agreement (a) includes cross-collateralization and cross-default provisions among property and debts of GSM and GRE, an entity owned by Messrs. Kruger and Rosene, and Messrs. Kruger and Rosene, as owners of Greystone’s Series 2003 Preferred Stock (debt in the amount of approximately $3,300,000 owed by Messrs. Kruger and Rosene to F&M is collateralized by the preferred stock), (b) contains certain financial covenants, and (c) restricts the payments of dividends. Greystone’s note payable to F&M is secured by Greystone’s cash, accounts receivable, inventory and equipment.  Also, pursuant to the terms of a guaranty agreement, Greystone guaranteed GSM's performance and payment under the notes.  In addition, in order to induce F&M to enter into the F&M Loan Agreement, Messrs. Kruger and Rosene entered into a limited guaranty agreement with F&M.

On March 1, 2013, F&M and GSM entered into a Fourth Amendment (the “Fourth Amendment”) to the Loan Agreement.  The Fourth Amendment (a) had an effective date of February 28, 2013, (b) extended the maturity date of the loan from F&M to GSM under the Loan Agreement (the “Loan”) to March 13, 2015, and (c) increased the amount of the Loan by $250,000.  In connection with the execution of the Fourth Amendment, (y) Greystone ratified its existing guaranty of GSM’s obligations under the Loan Agreement, and (z) GSM executed a promissory note in favor of F&M, whereby GSM promises to repay the Loan.

Maturities of Greystone’s long-term debt for the five years after May 31, 2013 are $1,344,160, $6,690,637, $2,935,772, $31,611 and $-0-.

 
F-10

 
Note 6.  RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Transactions with Warren F. Kruger, Chairman

Yorktown Management & Financial Services, LLC (“Yorktown”), an entity wholly owned by Greystone’s CEO and President, owns the grinding equipment Greystone uses to grind raw materials for Greystone’s pallet production.  Yorktown also owns a plastic grinding and wash line facility used to recycle plastic into usable raw material.  Greystone compensates Yorktown for the use of equipment and molds as discussed below.  In addition, Yorktown provides office space and treasury services for Greystone.

Through January 31, 2013, Yorktown paid for raw materials purchases and invoiced Greystone for its cost plus a grinding fee of $0.04 per pound. During the period from June 1, 2012 through January 31, 2013 and fiscal year 2012, GSM’s raw material purchases and grinding fees from Yorktown totaled approximately $3,623,000 and $3,911,000, respectively, pursuant to this arrangement.  This arrangement was terminated effective January 31, 2013.  Effective February 1, 2013, GSM purchased raw materials direct from unrelated third parties.  Further, effective February 1, 2013, in lieu of the $0.04 per pound grinding fee, GSM commenced paying a monthly fee of $97,500 subsequently adjusted to $119,167 per month effective May 1, 2013, a total of $411,667.

GSM also pays Yorktown for (i) the use of pallet molds owned by Yorktown at the rate of $1.00 per pallet of which approximately $59,000 and $38,000 was paid in fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively, (ii) office rent at the rate of $1,500 per month and (iii) equipment used for heavy lifting of which $73,200 was paid in each of fiscal years 2013 and 2012.  The lease for the heavy-lifting equipment ended February 29, 2012 and the equipment continues to be leased on a month-to-month basis.

For the period from June 1, 2012 through January 31, 2013 and for fiscal year 2012, Yorktown and GSM had an agreement for purchase, processing and selling pelletized recycled plastic resin.  Yorktown purchased the raw material and provided the pelletizing equipment and GSM supplied the labor and operating overhead.  Upon shipment to customers, Yorktown invoiced GSM for the cost of the raw material. GSM invoiced customers recognizing revenue and accruing profit-sharing expense to Yorktown at 40% of the gross profit, defined as revenue less cost of material and sales commissions of 2.5%.  Yorktown’s profit share of the resin sales for fiscal years 2013 and 2012 was approximately $80,000 and $72,000, respectively. Effective January 31, 2013, this arrangement was terminated.  Effective February 1, 2013, the processing of pelletized material for resale was undertaken solely by GSM with Yorktown receiving a processing fee of $0.02 per pound for use of Yorktown’s pelletizing equipment.  Yorktown received $54,000 in processing fees for the period from February 1, 2013 through May 31, 2013.

Greystone also pays the labor and certain other costs on behalf of Yorktown’s Tulsa, Oklahoma grinding operation.  These costs are invoiced to Yorktown on a monthly basis.

As a result of the above transactions and other non-interest bearing advances, Yorktown owes Greystone $3,477,907 as of May 31, 2013.

For the period from November 2006 through May 2012, Mr. Kruger voluntarily elected to temporarily defer the payment of half of his salary. Effective June 1, 2012, Greystone resumed payment of the full salary to Mr. Kruger. The deferred compensation as of May 31, 2013 totaled $794,411.

Effective December 15, 2005, Greystone entered into a loan agreement with Warren Kruger to convert $527,716 of advances due him into a note payable at 7.5% interest and Mr. Kruger has waived payment of interest and principal thereon until January 15, 2014. Greystone accrues interest on advances and note payable to Mr. Kruger at the rate of 7.5% per year.  Interest accrued in fiscal years 2013 and 2012 was $140,487 and $137,543, respectively. At May 31, 2013, a note payable of $527,716, advances of $476,680 and accrued interest of $839,886 were due to Mr. Kruger or to entities owned or controlled by him.

Mr. Kruger has agreed that, as necessary, the amounts due Greystone of $3,477,907 should be offset against the amounts that Greystone owes him or Yorktown.  At May 31, 2013, the offset against the net advances is the combined total of (i) the accrued interest of $839,886 payable to Mr. Kruger, (ii) advances payable to Mr. Kruger of $476,680, (iii) an account payable of $794,411 for deferred compensation payable to Mr. Kruger and (iv) preferred dividends of $1,366,930 which have been accrued for the benefit of Mr. Kruger. 

Transactions with Robert B. Rosene, Jr., Director

Effective December 15, 2005, Greystone entered into a loan agreement with Mr. Rosene to convert $2,066,000 of the advances into a note payable at 7.5% interest and Mr. Rosene has waived the payment of principal until January 15, 2015. Greystone has accrued interest on the loans in the amounts of $265,440 and $244,032 in fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively. Accrued interest due to Mr. Rosene at May 31, 2013 is $1,551,154.

Transactions with Larry J. LeBarre, Director

Effective January 1, 2009, Greystone entered into a lease agreement with an entity owned by Mr. LeBarre to rent certain equipment to produce mid-duty pallets with a minimum monthly commitment of $25,000.  The lease was amended April 1, 2011 to provide for a three-year term through March 31, 2014.  Lease payments were $300,000 for each of fiscal years 2013 and 2012.

 
F-11

 
Note 7.  FEDERAL INCOME TAXES

Deferred taxes as of May 31, 2013 and 2012 are as follows:
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
Net operating loss carryforward
 
$
1,965,370
   
$
2,548,931
 
Depreciation and amortization, financial
               
    reporting in excess of tax
   
443,177
     
617,466
 
Deferred compensation accrual
   
244,800
     
244,800
 
Stock compensation costs
   
18,164
     
 
Allowance for doubtful accounts
   
34,000
     
17,000
 
     
2,705,511
     
3,428,197
 
Valuation allowance
   
(1,546,511
)
   
(2,843,197
)
                 
Net Deferred Tax Asset
 
$
1,159,000
   
$
585,000
 

In assessing the reliability of deferred tax assets, management considers the likelihood of whether it is more likely than not the net deferred tax asset will be realized. Based on this evaluation, management has provided a valuation allowance which allows for recognition of the tax benefits as deferred tax assets for May 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

The net change in deferred taxes for the year ended May 31, 2013 and 2012 is as follows:
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
Net operating loss carryforward
 
$
(583,561
)
 
$
(112,055
)
Depreciation and amortization, financial
               
    reporting in excess of tax
   
(174,289
)
   
(357,342
)
Stock compensation costs
   
18,164
         
Deferred compensation accrual
   
     
34,000
 
Allowance for doubtful accounts
   
17,000
     
(8,500
)
Valuation allowance
   
1,296,686
     
1,028,897
 
                 
Total
 
$
574,000
   
$
585,000
 

The provision (benefit) for income taxes at May 31 consists of the following:

   
2013
   
2012
 
Federal
  $ 26,000     $
 
Deferred income tax benefit
    (574,000 )     (585,000 )
                 
Total
  $ (548,000 )   $ (585,000 )

Greystone's provision (benefit) for income taxes for the years ended May 31, 2013 and 2012 differs from the federal statutory rate as follows:
   
2013
   
2012
 
Tax provision (benefit) using statutory rates
    34%         34%    
Net change in valuation allowance
    (57)           (54)      
Other
    (1)           (11)      
Tax benefit per financial statements
    (24)%       (31)%  

At May 31, 2013, Greystone had a net operating loss (NOL) for Federal income tax purposes from inception through May 31, 2005 of $17,468,000 expiring in fiscal year 2013 through fiscal year 2025 of which $2,700,000 is management’s estimate of the usable amount pursuant to Internal Revenue Code Section 382. The limitation is due to a change in control of Greystone during the fiscal year ended May 31, 2005. The utilization of NOL’s accumulated through fiscal year 2005 is limited to approximately $225,000 per year.
   
NOL
Carryforward
   
Year
Expiring
 
Cumulative as of May 31, 2005
 
$
2,700,000
     
2013 - 2025
 
Year ended May 31, 2006
   
182,179
     
2026
 
Year ended May 31, 2007
   
2,151,837
     
2027
 
Year ended May 31, 2011
   
746,484
     
2031
 
 
Greystone is no longer subject to income tax examinations by tax authorities for years prior to fiscal year 2006.
 
Greystone does not have any uncertain tax positions that could result in a material change to its financial position.
 
F-12

 
Note 8.  STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Convertible Preferred Stock

In September 2003, Greystone issued 50,000 shares of Series 2003, cumulative, convertible preferred stock, par value $0.0001, for a total purchase price of $5,000,000.  Each share of the preferred stock has a stated value of $100 and a dividend rate equal to the prime rate of interest plus 3.25% and may be converted into common stock at the conversion rate of $1.50 per share or an aggregate of 3,333,333 shares of common stock. The holder of the preferred stock has been granted certain voting rights so that such holder has the right to elect a majority of the Board of Directors of Greystone.

Preferred stock dividends must be fully paid before a dividend on the common stock may be paid.  Dividends in arrears on the preferred stock were $3,250,889 and $2,924,108 as of May 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.  The holders of the preferred stock waived their rights to compounded interest on unpaid dividends during the period from inception through May 31, 2013.  The preferred dividend liability is classified as a long-term liability due to the restrictions placed on payment of dividends pursuant to the Loan Agreement with F&M Bank & Trust Company as further discussed in Note 5 – Long-Term Debt.

 
Note 9.  STOCK OPTIONS

Greystone has a stock option plan that provides for the granting of options to key employees and non-employee directors. The options are to purchase common stock at not less than fair market value at the date of the grant.  Effective May 5, 2012, Greystone’s board of directors approved the renewal and extension of Greystone’s stock option plan through May 11, 2021 and increased the maximum number of shares of common stock for which options may be granted to 2,500,000 of which 25,000 were available for grant at May 31, 2013.  Stock options generally expire in ten years from date of grant or upon termination of employment and are generally exercisable one year from date of grant in cumulative annual installments of 25%. Following is a summary of option activity for the two years ended May 31, 2013:

   
Number
   
Weighted Average Exercise Price
   
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)
   
Intrinsic Value
 
Total outstanding, May 31, 2012
    1,400,000     $ 0.53              
Awarded during fiscal 2013
    2,100,000     $ 0.12              
Expired during fiscal year 2013
    (1,050,000 )   $ 0.61              
Total outstanding May 31, 2013
    2,450,000     $ 0.16       7.8        
Exercisable as of May 31, 2013
     875,000     $ 0.23       5.7     $ 99,750  
Non-vested as of May 31, 2013
    1,575,000     $ 0.12       9.0     $ 299,250  

Effective June 1, 2012, Greystone’s board of directors authorized the issuance of stock options to employees and members of the board of directors to purchase 2,100,000 shares of common stock at $0.12 per share with the options exercisable at the rate of 25% per year for the first four years and an expiration date of May 31, 2022.  The value of Greystone’s common stock on June 1, 2012 was $0.105 per share.  In addition effective June 1, 2012, the board of directors with the concurrence of awardees cancelled stock options to purchase 500,000 shares of common stock which had an expiration date of February 28, 2014 and an option price of $0.40 per share.

The estimated fair value at the date of the grant for stock options utilizing the Black-Scholes option valuation model and the assumptions that were used in the Black-Scholes option model for fiscal year 2013 are as follows:

Estimated fair value of options at date of grant
$213,696
Black-Scholes model assumptions
 
   Average expected life (years)
5
   Average expected volatility factor
353.3%
   Average risk-free interest rate
3.0%
   Average expected dividend yields
$-0-

Share-based compensation cost was $53,424 and $-0- for fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively.  As of May 31, 2013, the unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested share-based options was $160,272. This unrecognized compensation expense as of May 31, 2013 will be amortized equally over the remaining vesting period of 3 years.
 
F-13

 
Note 10.  FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

The following methods and assumptions are used in estimating the fair-value disclosures for financial instruments:

Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable:  The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheet for accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value due to the short-term maturity of these instruments.

Long-Term Debt: The carrying amount of loans with floating rates of interest approximate fair value.  Fixed rate loans are valued based on cash flows using estimated rates for comparable loans.  The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheet approximate fair value.


Note 11.  SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION OF CASH FLOWS

Supplemental information of cash flows for the years ended May 31:
  
   
2013
   
2012
 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
           
   Preferred dividend accrual
 
$
326,781
   
$
242,192
 
   Equipment purchased through capital lease
   
 —
     
563,026
 
   Advances from related party applied
      against receivables from the related party
   
 —
     
625,180
 
Supplemental information:
               
   Interest paid
   
423,530
     
516,059
 
   Taxes paid
   
     
 


Note 12.  CONCENTRATIONS

For the fiscal years ended May 31, 2013 and 2012, one customer accounted for approximately 63% and 59% of sales, respectively. The account receivable from this customer at May 31, 2013 totaled $924,914.
 
Purchases from this major customer were approximately $1,472,000 and $3,626,000 in fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively. The purchases in fiscal year 2012 included $2,158,000 for a pallet size whose use was discontinued by the customer.

For the fiscal years 2013 and 2012, Greystone purchased approximately 49% of its raw materials from third-party vendors through Yorktown Management & Financial Services LLC, an entity owned by Warren Kruger, Greystone’s President and CEO.   Effective February 1, 2013, the practice of purchasing raw materials from unrelated third-party vendors through Yorktown was terminated.  However, Yorktown has an operation that purchases, grinds and cleans recycled plastic material for sale to unrelated third-party customers as well as to Greystone.
 

Note 13.  VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES (VIE)

Greystone Real Estate, L.L.C.
GRE, is owned by Warren Kruger, President and CEO, and Robert Rosene, a member of the Board of Directors.  It was created solely to own and lease a building that GSM occupies at 2600 Shoreline Drive, Bettendorf, Iowa. Effective January 18, 2011, GRE acquired from GSM an adjacent building located at 2601 Shoreline Drive, Bettendorf, Iowa, in a sale and leaseback transaction based on an appraised market price of $2,700,000.  In addition, GRE and GSM entered into an amended lease agreement for 2600 Shoreline Drive.  The sale and leaseback and the amended lease terms and conditions are based on ten year leases at appraised market rates with options to purchase at appraised market value. The outstanding mortgage on the buildings is guaranteed by Messrs. Kruger and Rosene.
 
The building(s), having a carrying value of $3,591,781 and $3,707,653 at May 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively, serve as collateral for GRE’s debt.  The debt had a carrying value of $3,366,108 and $3,623,070 at May 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
 
GLOG Investment, L.L.C.
GLOG was created in March 2005 for the purpose of acquiring from a third party, all of the outstanding Series 2003 Preferred Stock of Greystone.  The owners of GLOG were Messrs. Kruger and Rosene.  GLOG was consolidated with Greystone as a VIE until August 31, 2011. At August 31, 2011, GLOG’s sole asset was the preferred stock with a carrying value of $5,000,000 and GLOG’s debt had a carrying value of $3,559,932.

Effective September 1, 2011, GLOG was liquidated, the assets were distributed to the owners and the debt was assumed by the owners.  Accordingly, the entity was deconsolidated effective with the liquidation of the entity.
  
 
F-14

 
Note 14.  RETIREMENT PLAN

Greystone sponsors a retirement plan for the benefit of all eligible employees. The retirement plan qualifies under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code thereby allowing eligible employees to make tax-deferred contributions. The retirement plan provides that Greystone may elect to make employer-matching contributions equal to a percentage of each participant’s voluntary contribution and may also elect to make profit sharing contributions. Greystone has never made any matching or profit sharing contributions to the retirement plan.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
F-15

 
Index to Exhibits
 
 
Exhibit No.
Description
 
2.1
Certificate of Ownership and Merger Merging PalWeb Corporation, a Delaware corporation, into PalWeb Oklahoma Corporation, an Oklahoma corporation, filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on May 2, 2002 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 2.1 of Greystone's Form 8-K12G3 dated May 2, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on May 24, 2002).
 
2.2
Certificate of Ownership and Merger Merging PalWeb Corporation, a Delaware corporation, into PalWeb Oklahoma Corporation, an Oklahoma corporation, filed with the Oklahoma Secretary of State on May 2, 2002 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 2.2 of Greystone's Form 8-K12G3 dated May 2, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on May 24, 2002).
 
3.1
Certificate of Incorporation of PalWeb Oklahoma Corporation filed with the Oklahoma Secretary of State on May 2, 2002 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of Greystone's Form 8-K12G3 dated May 2, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on May 24, 2002).
 
3.2
Bylaws of PalWeb Oklahoma Corporation as adopted on May 2, 2002 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of Greystone's Form 8-K12G3 dated May 2, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on May 24, 2002).
 
4.1
Certificate of Incorporation of PalWeb Oklahoma Corporation filed with the Oklahoma Secretary of State on May 2, 2002 (included in Exhibit 3.1).
 
4.2
Certificate of the Designation, Preferences, Rights and Limitations of PalWeb Corporation's Series 2003 Cumulative Convertible Senior Preferred Stock (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of Greystone's Form 8-K dated September 8, 2003, which was filed with the SEC on September 23, 2003).
 
4.3
Certificate of Ownership and Merger Merging Greystone Logistics, Inc., into PalWeb Corporation filed with the Oklahoma Secretary of State on March 18, 2005 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of Greystone's Form 8-K dated March 18, 2005, which was filed with the SEC on March 24, 2005).
 
10.1**
Form of Indemnity Agreement between Members of the Board of Directors and PalWeb Corporation (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.30 of Greystone's Form 10-KSB for the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2002).
 
10.2**
Indemnity Agreement by and between The Union Group, Inc., and Cabec Energy Corp. dated August 31, 1998 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.6 of Amendment No. 3 to Greystone's Form 10-KSB, which was filed on May 2, 2000).
 
10.3**
Amended and Restated Stock Option Plan (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.32 of Greystone's Form 10-KSB for the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2002).
 
10.4**
Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.8 of Greystone's Form 10-KSB for the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2001, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2001).
 
10.5**
Form of Incentive Stock Option Agreement (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.9 of Greystone's Form 10-KSB for the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2001, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2001).
 
10.6**
Form of Nonemployee Director Stock Option Agreement (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.10 of Greystone's Form 10-KSB for the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2001, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2001).
   10.7 **
Form of Employee Director Incentive Stock Option Agreement (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.36 of Greystone's Form 10-KSB for the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2002, which was filed with the SEC on September 13, 2002).
 
   10.8
 
Loan Agreement dated March 4, 2005, by and among Greystone Manufacturing, L.L.C., GLOG Investment, L.L.C., The F&M Bank & Trust Company and PalWeb Corporation (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of Greystone's Form 8-K dated March 4, 2005, which was filed with the SEC on March 10, 2005).
 
   10.9
2011 Amendment to Loan Agreement dated March 4, 2005 (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Greystone’s Form 8-K/A filed on September 2, 2011).
 
   10.10
Seco